When Should You Spay A Dog? (TOP 5 Tips)

When should I spay my female dog? We recommend waiting until your dog is at least over 6 months and likely even older for larger dogs. The benefits are much more pronounced in larger dogs, but there is not a lot of difference for lap dogs.


Should you let a female dog go into heat before spaying?

For many years we have known that spaying a female dog or cat before the first heat cycle almost eliminates their life long risk of mammary tumors (breast cancer). In dogs 50% of tumors are malignant. Spaying after the first heat cycle but before the second also reduces the risk, but not by as much.

Do female dogs change after being spayed?

When a dog enters heat, the hormones in her body change. This fluctuation can cause some dogs to become irritable or stressed, and may cause her to act out. Once a female is spayed, behavior tends to be more level and consistent. An unspayed female dog’s hormones may also cause her to display guarding behavior.

What age should a dog be spayed 2020?

Dog owners commonly get their dogs spayed to avoid unexpected pregnancy while also neutralizing their behavior overall. The best age to get your female dog spayed is about four to six months. By spaying your dog at an early age, you will significantly reduce the odds of breast cancer development.

What happens if you spay a dog too early?

Spaying your dog too early can result in health problems later on since her hormones should have some time to work. Early spaying can increase the risk of hip dysplasia, torn ligaments, bone cancer, and urinary incontinence.

Can puppies be spayed at 3 months?

It’s generally recommended to spay puppies between the ages of 4 to 6 months, says the American Animal Hospital Association (AAHA). By that age a female puppy’s sex organs are fully developed but she hasn’t yet experienced her first heat cycle, during which she could become pregnant.

Is it more expensive to spay a dog after first heat?

Why does it cost more to spay a dog in heat? As Dr Murithi told us – it is much more difficult to spay a female in season because of the changed location of the ovaries as well as the risk for excessive bleeding. The cost for a spay surgery can vary considerably based on your location and choice of vet.

Does spaying a female dog calm them down?

Does Spaying a Dog Calm Them Down? Yes, in most cases. Since they’re not competing for attention in regard to mating, and certain hormonal protective instincts are removed.

Why you should not spay your dog?

Urinary tract tumor risk, though small (less than 1%), is doubled. An increased risk of recessed vulva, vaginal dermatitis, and vaginitis, especially in female dogs spayed before puberty. An increased risk of orthopedic disorders. An increased risk of adverse reactions to vaccinations.

Will my dog hate me after spaying?

Some amount of pain is a normal for dogs that have been spayed immediately following their procedure. While some dogs are able to tolerate pain more than others, don’t be surprised if your dog whines or whimpers after being spayed. It’s perfectly normal for dogs to whine after being spayed.

Is 2 years too old to neuter a dog?

The simple answer to this question is that it is never too late to neuter a dog. Even if your intact dog has already developed behavioral issues, a late neuter can still decrease their chance of developing prostate disease. I have personally assisted in the neuter of dogs as old as 10 years of age.

Is 5 months too early to spay a dog?

Spaying: A spay procedure should be done at 4-5 months old. This is before your dogs first heat cycle, which typically falls around 6 months — this helps decrease the risk of serious health issues, such as mammary cancer.

Is 6 months too early to neuter a puppy?

The recommended age to neuter a male dog is between six and nine months. However, some pet owners have this procedure done at four months. Smaller dogs reach puberty sooner and can often have the procedure done sooner. Larger breeds may need to wait longer in order to properly develop before being neutered.

What is considered an early spay?

CVMA supports the concept of early ( 8-16 weeks of age ) ovariohysterectomies/gonadectomies in dogs and cats, in an effort to stem the overpopulation problem in these species.

Spaying and Neutering Your Puppy or Adult Dog: Questions and Answers

Should You Spay or Neuter Your Dog? If you’ve recently adopted a new puppy or dog into your family, you might be thinking whether you should consider having your canine companionspayed or neutered. The following sections provide answers to some of the most frequently asked questions concerning these procedures.

What is the difference between spay and neuter?

  • Spaying. Spaying (ovariohysterectomy) is a veterinary surgical treatment that is done under general anesthesia on female dogs and cats. Female dogs’ uterus and both ovaries are removed during this procedure, which is performed through an incision in the belly. In addition, a spay can be performed laparoscopically (typically in conjunction with ovariectomies)
  • Neutering. Castration, often known as neutering, is the surgical removal of a male dog’s testicles. It is a less complicated procedure than a spay and is also conducted under general anesthesia. During the procedure, an incision is created towards the front of the scrotum, after which the testicles are removed through the incision.

Why spay or neuter your dog?

Dr. Jerry Klein, the American Kennel Club’s Chief Veterinary Officer, shares three of the most compelling reasons to spay or neuter your canine companion:

  • Prevent the birth of unintended pups. In the event that your female dog is not spayed, she will enter breeding season, sometimes known as “heat,” for a period of several weeks once or twice a year. Each time this occurs, she will become extremely appealing to male canines who can detect the scent from a long distance. This has the potential to attract unwelcome canine visits to your yard and perhaps result in the birth of an unintended litter of puppies. Having a litter is both expensive and time-consuming, requiring a significant investment of your time and energy. Veterinary care will be required for the buck while she is pregnant. Delivery can be challenging, necessitating expensive surgery or even resulting in the loss of the buck or pups in extreme cases. After delivery, the litter will also require veterinarian attention and vaccinations. Furthermore, finding suitable homes for pups can be a challenging task. In order to avoid inadvertent breeding, which results in undesired puppies, spaying and neutering is a sensible practice. Breeding should be left to breeders who have a well-thought-out strategy and a thorough understanding of canine genetics, and who are concerned with conserving a breed’s greatest characteristics for the benefit of future generations. Reduced chance of some health complications. For both female and male dogs, spaying or neutering can help to reduce some health concerns associated with reproduction. Women who are not spayed or neutered might get pyometra, a painful and sometimes life-threatening infection of the uterus. Females who have not been spayed are likewise at a higher risk of developing mammary tumors than females who have been spayed. When a male dog is neutered, he is less likely to get testicular cancer and is less likely to have other issues such as prostate illness. A neutered male dog may also have less of a tendency to wander
  • This may be beneficial in the case of specific behavioral disorders. In addition to lowering male dog wandering, neutering can frequently, though not always, aid in the reduction or elimination of undesired behaviors such as leg-lifting and mounting, among other things. Some dogs’ aggressive behavior may be reduced as a result of neutering. Females that have been spayed are likewise less inclined to roam.

However, it is crucial to remember that current research shows that neutering before puberty may result in a propensity toward shyness and anxious conduct in young children.

At what age should a dog be spayed or neutered?

Dog owners should speak with their veterinarian to decide the optimal age at which to spay or neuter their pet, even though these operations may be performed on puppies as young as a few months old. Spaying or neutering dogs after they have reached adolescence, according to study sponsored by the American Kennel Club’s Canine Health Foundation, may have long-term health advantages. In addition to a reduction in orthopedic health problems, neutering after puberty may also reduce the risk of some malignancies in particular breeds and may result in improved behavior.

Female pups should be spayed as soon as they reach the age of 5 months, according to some experts, in order to avoid their first heat.

Choosing to spay or neuter your dog is a personal decision, and you should contact with both your breeder and your veterinarian to decide the most appropriate age for this surgical surgery.

What is the recovery time for spaying or neutering a dog?

  • Spaying. Some clinics will wish to keep your dog overnight after her spay surgery, while others will allow her to go home the same day she is spayed. Your dog may have some discomfort during surgery, and the veterinarian may prescribe pain medicine to alleviate this discomfort. Your dog may be given a protective collar by the clinic to wear at home to prevent her from licking the wound. Because of the injury, she will likely need to limit her activity for 7 to 10 days while she recuperates. Your veterinarian may request that you return for a follow-up appointment to assess how well your dog has recovered and to remove the sutures
  • However, this is rare. Neutering. Male dogs can normally be discharged from the hospital on the same day of the surgery if there are no difficulties or other health issues. The veterinarian will go through any pain medication and aftercare that your dog may require with you. She will almost certainly recommend that you limit his activities for a few days to allow the wound to heal properly. Your dog may be given a protective collar by the clinic to wear at home in order to prevent him from licking the wound. As is common with many surgical procedures, your veterinarian may want you to return for a follow-up appointment to check on the healing of the wound and to have the stitches removed.

What does it cost to spay or neuter a puppy or dog?

The cost of spaying and neutering varies from state to state, and depending on the institution where the surgery is performed, the process might cost several hundred dollars or more. You should consult with a reputable veterinarian to find out what rates are currently available in your region. Low-cost spay/neuter programs are available in some localities, which can help reduce the number of unwanted dogs.

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How can I find out about low-cost spay/neuter programs in my area?

Please see the following links: spayusa.org Low-Cost Spay/Neuter Programs Offered by the American SPCA Consult your veterinarian for guidance on whether or not to spay or neuter your puppy or dog. She will be able to answer any questions or address any concerns you may have about the situation.

What Age Should You Spay Your Dog?

Jessica Vogelsang, DVM is the author. One of my favorite appointments in veterinary practice has to be the first visit with a new puppy. There are so many possibilities to establish the basis for a long and happy life together, thanks to adorable puppies and ecstatic owners. We cover a wide range of subjects, including immunizations, deworming programs, training, and diet. “When should my pet be spayed or neutered?” is one of the most often asked questions I receive from new puppy owners on their initial appointment.

That was until recently.

Is desexing actually in the best interests of every pet, and if so, why is it being done at this specific age? Unpacking this extremely important issue will help you better understand the elements we take into consideration when making our recommendations for spays and neuters.

Understand Exactly What a Spay or Neuter Entails

With contributions from Dr. Jessica Vogelsang Visits with new puppies are without a doubt some of my most enjoyable appointments in the field of veterinary practice. So many possibilities to establish the basis for a long and happy life together, thanks to adorable pups and ecstatic parents! Many issues are covered, such as immunizations, deworming programs, training, and nutritional needs of the dog owner. The topic “When should my pet be spayed or neutered?” is one of the most often asked inquiries I receive from puppy owners on their initial appointment.

That has changed dramatically.

What is the optimal age for desexing pets, and is it actually in the best interests of all pets to do so?

The Size of the Pet Matters

One of the primary reasons doctors urge having a spay done at six months rather than six weeks is worry about anesthesia. Very little dogs can provide a greater difficulty in terms of temperature management and anesthetic safety, yet with today’s improved procedures, we can anesthetize even the tiniest pediatric patients with great success and safety. The majority of pediatric spays and neuters are performed at animal shelters, where highly trained and experienced professionals execute thousands of pediatric spays and neuters each year on dogs that are as young as two to three months old.

Not only is the abdominal cavity wider and deeper, but the blood supply is also more strong, making it more difficult to move around the fat that has accumulated in the abdomen.

As the level of difficulty rises, so does the likelihood of a complication.

Even in large dogs, veterinarians conduct so many of these treatments that we consider them to be rather regular, and the overall complication rate is still extremely low, despite the high volume of procedures.

Removing Hormones can be of Benefit

In addition, if a pet is not intended to be bred, spaying a female dog before her first heat cycle offers a considerable advantage in terms of lowering the chance of mammary cancer. The incidence of mammary cancer in pets who are spayed before their first heat cycle is 0.5 percent; however, the figure soars to 26 percent in pets who are spayed after their second heat cycle, with the overall incidence of mammary cancer being seven times higher for intact females than for spayed ones. Pyometra, a potentially fatal infection of the uterus, is also highly frequent in intact female dogs, with one research estimating that up to a quarter of intact dogs will acquire the illness by the time they reach the age of 10.

Testosterone exerts a wide range of effects on the dog, many of which are diminished or abolished when the dog is neutered.

Some boarding and childcare facilities do not accept dogs that are not in their original state, which can be a considerable inconvenience if you often use these services.

Removing Hormones can be of Risk

Early spay and neuter have been related to a variety of health hazards, including an increased incidence of cranial cruciate ligament disease, osteosarcoma, hemangiosarcoma, and lymphomas in dogs that were spayed or neutered before reaching sexual maturity. As much attention as these studies have gotten, it is crucial to remember that they are retrospective in nature — that is, they are looking back on medical records after the event — and that this implies the data is much more subjective and not always definite.

There are two medical issues that are commonly considered to be connected with spay: urine incontinence and obesity.

No one knows why females who have been spayed are more likely to be obese, and no studies have proven that the surgery has any effect on their metabolism.

Pet Overpopulation is Still a Significant Problem

Every year, around four million dogs are surrendered to animal shelters in the United States, with half of them being killed. Many of them are stray animals or unwanted “oops” pets that their owners have forgotten about. If you do not want to breed your dog as part of a well-researched and competent breeding program, it is recommended that you get him or her spayed or neutered. A female dog can begin her first heat cycle as early as six months of age, and you’d be surprised at how easy it is for a determined male to track her down and seduce her.

In order to keep an intact female under lock and key throughout the two-week period of her heat cycle, you must make a commitment to do so approximately every seven to eight months.

Are There Pets Who Should not be Fixed?

I wholeheartedly endorse the important role that conscientious breeders play in the canine community. In addition to serving as support animals, law enforcement dogs, and cherished pets, purpose-bred dogs perform important roles in society. I personally do not believe in obligatory spay and neutering; as a pet owner, I feel it is your responsibility to learn the risks and advantages of any health decisions and to make the best option for your animal companion. For individuals who are aware of the risks of pyometra and reproductive malignancies, as well as the duties associated with preventing an intact female from becoming pregnant by mistake, there is undoubtedly a compelling case to be made for delaying spaying.

  • Even with this exception, I still advocate spaying a dog before she enters her first heat cycle for the great majority of companion animal owners because I feel this is the best balance of risk and reward.
  • Owners of male dogs have a bit more wiggle room when it comes to scheduling their dog’s neutering.
  • This is especially true for large breed dogs.
  • It is your choice whether or not to have your pet undergo this procedure, as well as any other medical decisions.

Are you ready to get your pet spayed or neutered? Learn more about the operation, including the steps involved and the time required for recuperation.

Spay/Neuter Your Pet

By having your pet spayed or neutered, you will be contributing to the management of the pet homelessness epidemic, which results in millions of healthy dogs and cats being killed in the United States each year simply because there aren’t enough homes for them to go around. Having your animals spayed (for female pets) or neutered (for male dogs) has also been shown to have medicinal and behavioral benefits. The following are some of the medicinal advantages:

  • You may expect your female pet to have a longer and healthier life. Spaying dogs and cats helps to avoid uterine infections and breast tumors, which are malignant or cancerous in around 50% of dogs and 90% of cats that are not spayed. The greatest prevention against these illnesses is to spay your pet before she has her first heat cycle. It is possible to avoid testicular cancer and several prostate issues by neutering your male partner

In addition, there are behavioral advantages:

  • Your female pet will not go into heat if she has been spayed. Women go into heat four to five days every three weeks throughout the mating season, however their cycles might vary depending on the individual cat. During this period, your male dog will be less likely to wander away from home since he will yowl and pee more regularly, sometimes all over the house in an effort to advertise for mates. When it comes to seeking a partner, an intact man will go to any length, even if it means devising novel ways to get out of the house. Once he’s out on the streets, he runs the risk of being hit by a car or getting into a battle with another male animal
  • Your neutered male may be more well-behaved. The likelihood of unneutered dogs and cats marking their territory by spraying strong-smelling urine all around the home increases with age. After having your dog neutered, he may be less prone to mount other dogs, humans, and inanimate things in the future. Some aggressiveness issues can be prevented if a dog is neutered at a young age.

Having your dogs spayed or neutered is also a very cost-effective option. Having your pet spayed or neutered is far less expensive than raising and caring for a litter of puppies or kittens. Dispelling Common Myths and Misconceptions About Spay/Neuter Procedures

  • It is also extremely cost-effective to spay or neuter your dogs. Birthing your pet spayed or neutered is far less expensive than having and caring for a litter of puppies or kittens. Dispelling Myths and Misconceptions About Spay/Neuter Surgery

When Should You Neuter or Spay Your Pet?

  • As for dogs, while the conventional age for neutering is six to nine months, puppies as early as eight weeks old can be neutered if they are in good condition, according to the American Veterinary Medical Association. Adult dogs can also be neutered, albeit the risk of post-operative complications is slightly increased in older dogs, overweight dogs, and dogs with health issues. Cats should eat the following foods: Spaying or neutering kittens as early as eight weeks of age is typically regarded to be a risk-free procedure. At this time of year, surgery is frequently performed in animal shelters to sterilize kittens before they are placed up for adoption. It is recommended that you arrange the procedure before your own cat reaches the age of five months in order to avoid the onset of urine spraying and the possibility of pregnancy. It is possible to neuter a female cat while she is in heat
  • However, this is not recommended.

Consult with your veterinarian to identify the most appropriate timing for spaying or neutering your animal. Providing Assistance to Your Pet Before and After Surgery Pre-surgical instructions will be provided by your veterinarian facility, and you should adhere to them. Avoid feeding your cat any food after midnight the night before surgery, as a general rule of thumb. A puppy or kitten, on the other hand, need proper nourishment, and your veterinarian may recommend that you do not withhold food from them.

Despite the fact that your pet may suffer some discomfort during surgery, your veterinarian can take a variety of steps to alleviate the discomfort.

Following are some suggestions for a safe and comfortable recovery:

  • Provide your pet with a quiet location to recuperate that is both inside and away from other pets. During the first two weeks following surgery, or as long as your veterinarian suggests, keep your pet from running and jumping around
  • By diverting your pet with food or by wearing an Elizabethan collar, you may prevent your pet from licking the incision site, which could result in infection. For at least ten days following surgery, refrain from washing your pet. Check the incision site on a regular basis to ensure that it is healing properly

Any redness, swelling, or discharge at the operation site, or if the incision is open, you should contact your veterinarian immediately to discuss it. Additionally, contact your veterinarian if your pet appears sluggish, has a decreased appetite, is vomiting or has diarrhea, or if you have any other concerns following surgery. Please see ourLow-Cost Spay/Neuter Programs page for information on low-cost spay/neuter programs in your region.

When Should a Dog Be Spayed?

Is it time to spay or neuter your new female canine companion? Identifying the appropriate time to spay a puppy is rather simple, but determining the appropriate time to spay a dog who has reached adulthood can be more difficult. Continue reading for advice on determining if it is appropriate to spay or neuter your dog.

What Is Spaying?

Spaying is a surgical treatment done on female animals that involves the removal of the ovaries and uterus, generally with the purpose of preventing the animals from reproducing. Neutering is the name given to the surgery of removing a male dog’s genital organs that is significantly less invasive. You may also hear the word sterilization, which is just a gender-neutral way of saying that the reproductive organs have been removed from the body.

Spaying isn’t just for the goal of preventing undesired puppies from being born. When your dog is spayed, you can lower the likelihood of him having certain malignancies and preventing the development of pyometra, which is a uterine infection that is typically unpleasant and can be life-threatening.

When to Spay a Puppy

Women’s health professionals refer to spaying as a surgical surgery performed on female animals that involves the removal of their ovaries and uterus, primarily in order to inhibit reproduction. Male dog sex organ removal is accomplished by the process of neutering, which is significantly less complicated. The phrase sterilization, which is just a gender-neutral way of saying that the reproductive organs have been removed, may also be mentioned. Spaying isn’t just for the goal of preventing unwanted puppies; it also has other applications.

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Should an Older Dog Be Spayed?

When it comes to spaying a dog who is fully grown, the option is considerably more open-ended. When it comes to adult dogs in excellent health, there are no medical reasons why they shouldn’t be spayed. Due to the fact that dogs can get cancer at any age, even older dogs can benefit from having their bellies spayed. According to Chewy, no dog is ever too old to be spayed as long as the dog does not have any health conditions that would make it risky to administer anesthesia or undertake a surgical treatment on him.

To ensure that your dog is healthy enough to undergo the treatment, your veterinarian will most likely recommend that he or she undergo a physical checkup and blood testing beforehand.

What to Expect

Spaying is a frequent operation among female dogs, however it should be understood that it is a surgical process. In certain cases, you may be able to drop off and pick up your dog the same day, but some vets may choose to keep her overnight to check for bleeding and make sure she is calm following surgery. Depending on where you take your dog, you may be required to sign consent documents for surgery, pain medication, and a preoperative screening and blood test if she has not already had one performed.

Your veterinarian will present you with a set of post-operative care instructions, and this is an excellent opportunity to ask questions regarding her recovery and what you may expect.

You may also offer her a toy to snuggle with, but you should avoid giving her any goodies until after the anaesthetic has completely worn off, if at all possible.

Recovery and Aftercare

It is critical that you carefully follow the post-operative care recommendations provided by your veterinarian. Before your dog leaves the clinic, she will almost certainly be given medicine to relieve her discomfort. Because she will most likely be hurting for a period of time while she heals, your veterinarian may also prescribe pain medicine that you may provide to her at home. If this is the case, make sure to ask your veterinarian what she should do to relieve her discomfort before leaving the office.

Also told whether you will need to bring your pup back in for stitch removal once she has healed, or whether the stitches will dissolve on their own once she has recovered from her surgery.

If you have any questions, please contact us. Considering that many dogs find these kind of plastic collars unpleasant, she may do better with one of the newer, inflatable varieties that can be obtained at pet supply stores.

Possible Complications and Signs to Watch for

Whether deciding when to spay a dog, it’s important to consider how long it may take your canine to recuperate after the procedure. Excessive discomfort, ripped stitches, and infection are all possibilities that might occur following the operation, albeit they are quite rare. PetHelpful recommends keeping an eye out for the following signs:

  • Inflammation or swelling at the location
  • Torn stitches or an open incision
  • Discharge or a foul odor emanating from the place
  • Bruising and bleeding, particularly 36 hours or longer after the surgery. gums that are pale in color
  • Panting excessively
  • Whining or whimpering as a result of discomfort
  • The following symptoms may occur: loss of appetite or inability to restore appetite after the first 24 hours
  • Lethargy, particularly after the first 24 hours

You should contact your veterinarian immediately if you see any of these indicators or if the incision does not appear to be healing as expected. A dog’s bleeding gums, heavy panting, or whimpering might all signal that he or she is experiencing an emergency, and in these cases, your dog should be checked by a veterinarian as soon as possible. As long as you follow the veterinarian’s recommendations and keep your dog from moving about too much or irritating her incision, these issues are unlikely to occur.

When to spay or neuter a dog should be the last thing on your list of considerations.

Spaying, on the other hand, is a surgical treatment, and your veterinarian understands better than anybody whether or not your dog is ready to managing such a procedure.


Jean Marie Bauhaus was an American architect who founded the Bauhaus movement.

At What Age Should You Spay or Neuter Your Pet?

Published on July 11, 2019. This is a subject that we are frequently asked, and we wanted to cover all of the numerous variables that must be considered while making this decision for your dog or cat. Take a look at some of the vocabulary that is often used: Female surgery is commonly referred to as aspay, although the medical term for the procedure is ovariohysterectomy. A female dog who has had the treatment would be referred as as a paid female. The term “intact female” might be used in the case of a woman who has not been spayed.

A neutered male dog is what you would describe a male dog who has had the surgery.

First and foremost, we must admit that we have conclusive evidence from several studies showing spaying and neutering are highly connected with longer longevity.

Spaying and neutering enhance life expectancy due to the fact that, while it raises the chance of some diseases (such as certain forms of cancer and orthopedic disorders), it significantly reduces the risk of mortality from a wide range of other reasons (other types of cancer, trauma, infections, etc).

  • The question is, at what age should this be carried out.
  • The practice of spaying and neutering pets in North America has traditionally occurred around the time of, or just before, the animal’s achieving sexual maturity.
  • In European nations, regular spaying and neutering is less prevalent; most pets live their whole lives without having their reproductive organs removed unless the treatment is required to cure a medical problem.
  • This has prompted individuals to begin exploring the effects of spaying and neutering on animals, as well as debating the optimal age at which these procedures should be performed.
  • In the case of elder spays and neuters, the risk of some issues and diseases increases while the risk of others reduces, as shown in the table below.
  • For those who prefer not to wade through the technical jargon, we’ve included a succinct overview with our suggestions at the bottom of the page.
  • In addition to genetic predisposition, breed, and age, there are a variety of other variables that contribute to the development of cancer.

These factors include viral infection, the environment, and chronic inflammation, to mention a few. The presence or absence of a spay or neuter procedure can also either raise or lower the risk of cancer, depending on the kind of cancer.

  • Mast cell tumors (the canine counterpart of breast cancer) are the most prevalent type of cancer in female dogs, and they are frequently malignant (cancerous) (spread aggressively). The risk of breast cancer is 3.4 percent in the United States, where the majority of dogs are spayed. Between 1985 and 2002, mammary cancer accounted for 70 percent of all cancer cases in Italy, where the majority of dogs are not spayed, while the prevalence of mammary cancer in Norway was 53 percent. It is widely recognized that spaying has the best advantage in terms of breast cancer prevention when done before the first heat of the month (risk of mammary cancer is 0.05 percent ). Breast cancer risk increases with each heat: 8 percent if spayed after the first heat, and 26 percent if spayed after the second heat, according to the American Cancer Society. In the case of breast cancer, spaying is beneficial, and the earlier it is done, the better. In addition to ovarian cancer and uterine cancer, vaginal cancer and vulvar cancer are all rare or uncommon in females and may all be avoided by spaying or neutering. The age at which the surgery is conducted is unlikely to be significant as long as the procedure is undertaken before the cancer has a chance to grow. Men are more prone to testicular cancer than women, with males accounting for 16 percent to 27 percent of all cancer cases among men who are sexually intact. As long as the procedure is performed before the cancer develops, neutering can prevent this malignancy from occurring. Dogs are extremely rare cases of prostate cancer. Neutering has been demonstrated to modestly raise the risk of prostate cancer, although it is probable that the age at which it is performed has no effect on whether or not the cancer develops. In fact, according to one research, neutered dogs were more likely to be older at the time of their prostate cancer diagnosis. The risk of prostate cancer varies depending on the breed. Dog spaying and neutering have been linked to a kind of cancer called lymphomaia, with a broad range of outcomes having been seen. According to one study, intact males, neutered males, and spayed females were more likely than inintact females to develop lymphoma. Neutered male German Shepherds and Labrador Retrievers were shown to have no elevated risk of lymphoma as compared to unneutered males or unspayed females in studies. According to a research in Golden Retrievers, spaying at any age did not raise the risk of lymphoma
  • However, neutering males before to the age of one year did increase the chance of lymphoma. The prognosis for mast cell tumors varies depending on the grade and location of the tumor. Regardless of whether or not a dog has been spayed or neutered, the breed has a factor in risk. There have been some studies that suggest that spayed females may be at greater risk than intact females, however the age at which the spaying was performed was not taken into consideration. Other studies conducted on Golden Retrievers, Labrador Retrievers, and German Shepherds found that there was no change in risk regardless of whether or not the dogs were spayed or neutered, or the age at which they were spayed or neutered. Hemangiosarcoma is a deadly disease that affects dogs. With the exception of one research in Vizslas, which found that males who were neutered after one year of age were at greater risk of developing this cancer, neutering of males of other breeds tested did not raise the risk of developing this cancer. Female Vizslas and Golden Retrievers were shown to be at greater risk for hemangiosarcoma when spayed after one year of age, according to research. Female Golden Retrievers who were spayed after one year of age had a fourfold increased risk of developing this malignancy compared to intact females and females who were spayed before six months of age. Another follow-up research in Golden Retrievers of both sexes found that spaying did not raise the chance of developing cancer. Neither spaying nor neutering Labrador Retrievers nor German Shepherds is associated with an increased risk of this form of cancer. Osteosarcoma is the most prevalent type of bone cancer in dogs, and it is caused by a genetic mutation. Dogs of large and enormous breeds are at a higher risk of developing this form of cancer. One research, which did not take into account the age of spaying and neutering, indicated that both men and females were at greater risk when compared to their intact counterparts. A study on Rottweilers found that if they were spayed or neutered before the age of one year, they were at greater risk for both sexes. A research conducted on German Shepherds found that neutering did not result in an increased risk, regardless of the dog’s age.

Orthopedic Complications Despite the fact that orthopedic illnesses like as Cranial Cruciate Ligament (CCL) injuries and hip dysplasia are not intrinsically life threatening, they can have a substantial impact on quality of life and can have financial repercussions if surgical treatment is necessary. Spaying and neutering can reduce the chance of developing these problems, but bigger breed dogs are already at higher risk of developing them.

  • Hip dysplasia: The most important element in determining whether or not a dog will develop hip dysplasia is genetics. According to studies conducted on Golden Retrievers, males who were neutered before the age of one year were at a slightly higher risk, whereas Boxers were at a little higher risk regardless of when they were spayed or neutered. The spaying and neutering of German Shepherds does not appear to be associated with hip dysplasia
  • Nonetheless, cranial cruciate ligament injuries are quite prevalent in this breed
  • These injuries have been connected to a variety of factors, including trauma, age, obesity, the form of the leg, the angle of the stifle joint, and ligament degradation. CCL injuries in spayed and neutered dogs have been demonstrated to be more common, but the prevalence varies greatly between breeds, according to the research. One research, which looked at Golden Retrievers, discovered that spaying raised the risk, but that the age of the dog at the time of spaying did not affect. According to a study conducted on German Shepherds, those who were spayed or neutered before the age of one year had a higher chance of developing cancer than intact males and females. However, the study did not compare the risks of those who were spayed or neutered after the age of one year. Consequently, we are unclear if delaying spaying and neutering until dogs are a bit older (i.e., 1-2 years old) would be protective or not
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In the case of hip dysplasia, genetics plays the most important role in determining whether a dog will acquire the condition. According to studies conducted on Golden Retrievers, males who were neutered before the age of one year were at a slightly increased risk, while Boxers were at a slightly increased risk regardless of when they were spayed or neutered. In Boxers, the risk was at a slightly increased risk regardless of when they were neutered. The spaying and neutering of German Shepherds does not appear to be associated with hip dysplasia; nonetheless, cranial cruciate ligament injuries are quite prevalent in this breed.

CCL injuries in spayed and neutered dogs have been found to be more common, although the prevalence varies greatly between breeds, according to the research.

Those who were spayed or neutered before the age of one year were found to be at increased risk when compared to intact males and females, according to a study conducted on German Shepherds.

It is unclear if delaying spaying and neutering until dogs are a bit older (i.e., 1-2 years old) will be protective or not.

Our recommendation, after looking at all the pros and cons, is to still favour spaying and neutering at about 6 months of age for the majority of dogs. If you ask our staff you will find that this is the age most of us spay and neuter our own pets. As with anything, there are exceptions to every rule and we encourage you to discuss all of the issues and concerns with your own veterinarian in order to make the choice that is best for you and your pet.

Houlihan, Kendall E. A literature review on the welfare implications of canine gonadectomy (Houlihan, Kendall E. A literature review on the welfare implications of canine gonadectomy (Houlihan, Kendall E. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association2017; 250: 1155-1166. Website of the American Heart Association: PetMD’s official website:

AKC Canine Health Foundation

09/01/2020 Sharon M. Albright, DVM, CCRT is the author of this article. An rising body of research indicates that neutering (including spaying) male and female dogs might have negative health consequences, including an increased risk of certain joint abnormalities (hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, and cranial cruciate ligament rupture), cancer, and reproductive problems (lymphoma, mast cell tumor, hemangiosarcoma, and osteosarcoma). However, the danger varies based on the breed of the dog, the age at when it was neutered, and the gender of the dog.

They have developed criteria for when to neuter a dog based on the breed, gender, and body weight of the dog in order to prevent increasing the chance of these joint illnesses and malignancies in the future.

The recommendations were published in Frontiers in Veterinary Science.

It is hoped that this research will give veterinarians and dog owners with data-based knowledge on the optimal age for neutering each particular dog.

More information may be found here. Spay/neuter recommendations tables, as well as complete scientific articles, are accessible for download via the links provided below.

  1. Hart, B. L., Hart, L. A., Thigpen, A. P., Willits, N. H. Hart, B. L., Hart, L. A., Thigpen, A. P., Willits, N. H. Hart, B. L., Hart, L. A., Hart, L. A., Hart, L. A., Hart, L. A., Hart, L. A., Hart, L. A., Hart, L. (2020). Assistance in Making Decisions About the Age of Neutering in 35 Dog Breeds: The Risk of Joint Disorders, Cancer, and Urinary Incontinence are Considered. Hart et al., Frontiers in Veterinary Science, vol. 7, no. 388. Benjamin L., Hart Lynette A., Thigpen Abigail P., Willits Neil H., Hart Lynette A., Thigpen Abigail P., Willits Neil H. (2020). Informed Decision-Making Regarding the Age of Neutering for Mixed Breed Dogs of Five Weight Categories: Joint Disorders and Cancers Associated with the Breed Frontiers in Veterinary Science, vol. 7, no. 4, p. 472

Learn more about this topic from Dr. Hart’s October 7, 2020 webinar.Click here to register.

B. L. Hart, L. A. Hart, A. P. Thigpen, N. H. Willits, B. L. Hart, L. A. Hart, B. L. Hart, L. A. Hart, B. L. Hart, L. A. Hart, B. L. Hart, B. L. Hart, L. A. Hart, B. L. Hart, B. L. Hart, B. L. Hart, B. L. Hart, B. L. Hart, B. (2020). The Age of Neutering for 35 Breeds of Dogs: Associated Joint Disorders, Cancers, and Urinary Incontinence as a Guide to Making a Decision Frontiers in Veterinary Science, vol. 7, no. 388; Hart, et al. Among those who have contributed to this work are Benjamin L., Hart Lynette A., Thigpen Abigail P., and Willits Neil H., to name a few (2020).

In Frontiers in Veterinary Science, vol.

4, p.

Why should I get my dog neutered or spayed?

With a new puppy in the house, you may be asking why you should consider having your dog fixed; this is especially true if your dog will be on a leash on walks and otherwise restricted to your home and yard. As a matter of fact, there are several benefits to having your dog fixed, including some substantial health benefits, behavioral benefits, and perhaps even financial benefits!

Are there benefits to getting my female dog spayed?

Animal shelters around the United States are overflowing with stray dogs. Approximately 3.3 million dogs are admitted to animal shelters each year, according to the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA). The Health Advantages of Spaying Your Dog If you spay your female dog before she has her first “heat,” you can help to avoid uterine infections and breast tumors, which can frequently be aggressive or dangerous in nature. The Financial Advantages of Spaying Your Dog Preventing the birth of unwanted pups is beneficial to your financial situation.

Making the decision to not spay your female dog Female dogs who are not spayed go through a reproductive stage known as ‘heat’ around twice a year if they do not have their ovaries removed.

This might result in unwanted male dogs entering your yard, as well as the possibility of unwanted puppies being born in your yard.

What are the benefits of getting my male dog neutered?

When you neuter your male dog, you are contributing to the reduction of the number of unwanted dogs in the United States, just as you are with spaying female dogs. But that is not all. The Health Advantages of Having a Neutered Dog The chance of your dog having testicular cancer is eliminated, and the risk of developing prostate disorders, which can be life-threatening, is reduced greatly by neutering them. Additionally, neutering your dog lowers the chance of perianal tumors and perineal hernias in your canine companion.

Making the decision to not neuter your male dog If you have a male dog that has not been neutered, you may notice that he exhibits a variety of unwanted habits.

These include increased territorial behavior, becoming overly protective of humans and objects, traveling (in search of female dogs), and hostility against other dogs, among other things.

When is the best time to get a puppy fixed?

Puppy spaying or neutering is often performed between the ages of five and nine months. Adult dogs can also be spayed or neutered if they are in good health. Consult with your veterinarian to determine the best time to get your four-legged pal repaired.

What should I expect when getting my puppy fixed?

Detailed pre-surgical instructions will be provided to you by your veterinarian, which may include restricting your pet’s access to food and drink for a period of time before to the scheduled operation. Following the completion of the procedure, your veterinarian will provide you with post-operative instructions to ensure that your dog recovers as painlessly as possible. Depending on the operation that has been performed, your dog may be given pain medicine to go home with him. The recovery time for female dogs after being spayed or neutered is often longer than the recovery time for male dogs after being neutered.

It is crucial to remember, however, that male canines are not automatically deemed sterile following surgery!

Please keep in mind that the information contained in this page is meant solely for educational reasons and does not represent medical advice regarding pets.

Ready to get your dog neutered or spayed?Contact our Davidson County vets todayto book an appointment for your canine companion.

In a nutshell, spaying your female dog will remove her uterus and ovaries, making her infertile and preventing her from having any more puppies. Getting their pets spayed is a frequent practice among dog owners to avoid an unexpected pregnancy while also neutralizing their general disposition. The optimal time to have your female dog spayed is between the ages of four and six months. By spaying your dog at a young age, you will dramatically lower the likelihood of her developing breast cancer.

“Dogs are a man’s greatest friend,” many pet owners will say.

Having an unexpected pregnancy in a dog is one of the most prevalent challenges that dog owners have to deal with.

Dealing with female dogs

If you have a female dog, the burden for caring for the pups will most likely rest on your shoulders, as your dog will be the one who will be carrying the babies to term. If you are a dog owner who does not want to cope with a scenario like this, having your female dog spayed is the best answer. Spaying your female dog will remove her uterus and ovaries, making her infertile even if she engages in infrequent sexual activity with other dogs.

You should think about a number of things before spaying or neutering your dog. Continue reading to learn all you need to know about the spaying operation so that you may achieve the best possible results from the treatment.

At what age should a dog be spayed?

In general, the optimal time to spay your female dog is when she is around six months old. You won’t have to worry about them developing any medical concerns because they are at such a mature stage of development that none of their organs will be affected by the process. Alternatively, you may neuter your female dog when she is four months old, which will dramatically minimize her risk of getting breast cancer. The operation can be performed at any time on an adult female dog since there are no growing organs or other hormonal systems that could be adversely affected by the procedure.

Your dog may be kept overnight by certain vets in order to ensure that they have enough time to recuperate properly.

It is also suggested that your dog does not eat for at least 8 hours before to their procedure in order to avoid difficulties.


Following the completion of the spaying surgery, you’ll want to follow a few after-care steps to ensure that your dog heals as quickly as possible from the treatment. As a result of the anaesthetic, it is typical for dogs to cough after being spayed; pain medication may also be used for the purpose of pain management. Only remove the stitches from your dog’s wounds once the operation is complete, which should be at least 7-10 days. It is normal for your dog to have nausea and vomiting during the first 1-2 days following surgery.

For this reason, you should refrain from allowing them to participate in any intense exercise for roughly a week following the surgery.

The answer is that if you spay your dog too soon, you face the danger of exposing them to health concerns such as bone cancer, damaged ligaments, and hip dysplasia, among other things.

Q: What is the approximate cost of spaying a female dog?

Spaying a female dog is far more expensive than neutering a male dog; however, the individual clinic you choose to take your dog to will also play a considerable influence in deciding the ultimate amount you will be required to pay.

A: You should expect a dramatic reduction in “wild” behavioral characteristics in dogs of the proper age.

The amount of time it takes for your dog to calm down, on the other hand, may vary depending on the breed of your dog. Some dogs need months to quiet down, while others take several years to achieve this state of serenity.

Knowing when to get your dog spayed

Now that you’ve learned everything you need to know to ensure that your dog’s spaying procedure goes as easily as possible, you can enjoy spending time with your new dog knowing that you won’t have to worry about an unexpected pregnancy. Before taking your female dog to be spayed, ask yourself these two easy questions: “Is my female dog of the suitable age to be spayed?” and “Is my female dog of the appropriate age to be spayed?” and “Am I prepared to care for my dog after the procedure?” are more questions to consider.

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