To decrease the chances of your dog developing bladder stones, or having them return once dissolved, you should avoid feeding foods that contain high levels of oxalate such as spinach, sweet potatoes, organ meat and brown rice.
What foods cause bladder stones in dogs?
- Foods made with grains (corn/wheat/rice etc.) create alkaline urine in dogs and cats that makes them susceptible to struvite stones. Don’t give your pet alkalizing foods such as apples, bananas, cabbage, broccoli, beans, potatoes, pumpkin, millet, honey, alfalfa, non-distilled vinegar (organic apple cider vinegar), squash.
- 1 What foods cause crystals in their urine?
- 2 How do you prevent crystals in dogs urine?
- 3 How do you treat crystals in dog’s urine naturally?
- 4 What can I feed my dog with urinary problems?
- 5 Is pumpkin good for dogs with bladder stones?
- 6 What causes bladder crystals in dogs?
- 7 What dog food is best for bladder stones?
- 8 What foods cause calcium oxalate stones in dogs?
- 9 Is apple cider vinegar good for dogs with bladder stones?
- 10 What dissolves struvite crystals in dogs?
- 11 How do I make my dog’s urine more acidic?
- 12 Can Chicken cause UTI in dogs?
- 13 Is chicken good for dogs with bladder stones?
- 14 Can grain free dog food cause urinary problems?
- 15 What foods cause struvite crystals in dog urine?
- 16 What can I feed a dog with struvite crystals?
- 17 What can dogs with struvite crystals not eat?
- 18 What causes struvite crystals in dog urine?
- 19 How do you dissolve struvite crystals in dogs?
- 20 Are struvite crystals painful in dogs?
- 21 What is the best dog food for urinary problems?
- 22 Are carrots good for dogs with urinary problems?
- 23 Is Royal Canin urinary so good for dogs?
- 24 Can you see crystals in dog urine?
- 25 Do struvite crystals go away?
- 26 How long does it take to dissolve struvite crystals?
- 27 What can I give my dog for crystals in urine?
- 28 Can you see struvite crystals?
- 29 What is the difference between struvite and oxalate crystals?
- 30 Dog Diseases – Urinary Tract Disease
- 31 5 Diet Tips for Pets with Bladder Stones
- 32 Dietary treatment of bladder stones
- 33 Can Diet Cause Crystals in a Dog’s Urine?
- 34 Calcium Oxalate Bladder Stones In Dogs
- 34.1 What causes calcium oxalate bladder stones to form?
- 34.2 How common are calcium oxalate bladder stones?
- 34.3 What are the signs of calcium oxalate bladder stones?
- 34.4 How are calcium oxalate bladder stones diagnosed?
- 34.5 How are calcium oxalate bladder stones treated?
- 34.6 Are there any other treatment options?
- 34.7 My dog is not showing any signs. What will happen if I do nothing?
- 34.8 How can I prevent my dog from developing calcium oxalate bladder stones in the future?
- 35 What Causes Crystals In Dog Urine?
- 36 Crystals in the Urine in Dogs – Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, Recovery, Management, Cost
- 37 Symptoms of Crystals in the Urine in Dogs
- 38 Causes of Crystals in the Urine in Dogs
- 39 Diagnosis of Crystals in the Urine in Dogs
- 40 Treatment of Crystals in the Urine in Dogs
- 41 Recovery of Crystals in the Urine in Dogs
What foods cause crystals in their urine?
These crystals are made from oxalate — a substance found in foods like green, leafy vegetables — combined with calcium. Having too much oxalate or too little urine can cause the oxalate to crystalize and clump together into stones. Kidney stones can be very painful.
How do you prevent crystals in dogs urine?
The most important considerations for stone prevention:
- Diluting the urine by increasing the amount of water the pet drinks (feeding canned food only and/or adding water to both dry and canned food)
- Reducing the amount of the compounds that make up the stones in the diet.
How do you treat crystals in dog’s urine naturally?
Where struvite crystals have formed stones, the introduction of cranberry extract to your dog’s diet to acidify the urine may be helpful, by counteracting an alkaline pH in your dog’s urinary tract that contributes to struvite crystal formation.
What can I feed my dog with urinary problems?
A raw diet with high protein content can be an ideal solution for a dog with urinary tract issues. Raw food, especially a higher pH and higher-protein raw food, is typically the best all-around diet for dogs, and it can help treat and prevent urinary tract diseases.
Is pumpkin good for dogs with bladder stones?
Pumpkin seeds are full of essential fatty acids and antioxidants that support a healthy urinary tract. This is great for avoiding kidney or bladder stones in your dog. These fatty acids and antioxidants are great for supporting your dogs fur coat.
What causes bladder crystals in dogs?
In dogs, struvite bladder stones usually form as a complication of a bladder infection caused by bacteria that produce an enzyme known as urease.
What dog food is best for bladder stones?
The 6 Best Dog Foods for Bladder Stones
- Purina Veterinary Dry Dog Food – Best Overall. Check Latest Price.
- Blue Buffalo Wet Dog Food – Best Value.
- Royal Canin Urinary Dry Dog Food – Premium Choice.
- Blue Buffalo Wet Dog Food – Best for Puppies.
- Hills Diet Urinary Tract Dry Dog Food.
- Grandma Lucy’s PUREformance Dog Food.
What foods cause calcium oxalate stones in dogs?
Dogs diagnosed with calcium oxalate stones should avoid calcium supplements unless specifically advised by your veterinarian. They should not be fed high oxalate foods such as nuts, rhubarb, beets, green beans, and spinach.
Is apple cider vinegar good for dogs with bladder stones?
The most popular remedy for treating bladder stones in a dog at home is apple cider vinegar. This solution was shown to be good at healing and preventing a multitude of other conditions, too. A potent detoxifying agent, just a few drops of apple cider vinegar can help normalize your pup’s pH levels.
What dissolves struvite crystals in dogs?
A special food called S/D Diet® is made by Hills for the specific purpose of dissolving struvite stones; Royal Canin makes a stone dissolution diet called Urinary SO®® and Hills C/D Diet® has now been formulated to dissolve struvite stones. The therapeutic diet must be the only food fed until the stone is dissolved.
How do I make my dog’s urine more acidic?
Apple cider vinegar is also great for acidifying the urine (you can give one teaspoon to one tablespoon twice a day for a 50-pound dog). So is methionine, which is an amino acid. Generally, the dosage for methionine would be about 100 mg, twice a day for animals up to 20 pounds; 200 mg.
Can Chicken cause UTI in dogs?
Small animal veterinarian with special interest in exotic pets. Chicken and rice is a very unbalanced diet that could potentially cause the urine Ph (acidity) to change, causing urinary problems.
Is chicken good for dogs with bladder stones?
The following treats are acceptable for oxalate stone forming dogs: plain cooked chicken. plain cooked turkey. eggs.
Can grain free dog food cause urinary problems?
Feeding low-quality food with cereal and grain fillers can make your pup’s urine more alkaline. This increases the risk of crystals forming and urinary problems. While this doesn’t necessarily mean your pup should be grain free, you may just want to choose a food with less grain than what you’re currently feeding.
What foods cause struvite crystals in dog urine?
The consumption of foods rich in magnesium, phosphorus, protein, and calcium has been associated to the production of kidney stones. The feeding of your dog a meal that has restricted levels of these minerals, according to veterinarians, may aid in the dissolving of some types of stones that have developed in his urinary system.
What can I feed a dog with struvite crystals?
Hills Prescription Diet® s/d® or c/d®, Royal Canin Urinary® SOTM, Purina® Pro Plan® Veterinary UR UrinaryTM, and Rayne Clinical Nutrition Adult Health-RSSTM are just a few examples of the diets available on the market. These preparations aid in the dissolution of struvite stones that are already present in the urine and the prevention of the creation of new stones.
What can dogs with struvite crystals not eat?
You should avoid giving your dog foods that have high amounts of oxalate, such as spinach, sweet potatoes, organ meat, and brown rice, in order to reduce the likelihood of your dog acquiring bladder stones or having them reappear once they have been dissolved.
What causes struvite crystals in dog urine?
Avoid giving your dog foods that have high amounts of oxalate, such as spinach, sweet potatoes, organ meat, and brown rice, to reduce the likelihood of your dog forming bladder stones or having them recur after they have been dissolved.
How do you dissolve struvite crystals in dogs?
Struvite stones can be removed surgically, removed using a specific method known as “voiding urohydropropulsion,” removed using a cystoscope (if they are tiny enough), or dissolved by diet and lifestyle modifications. Removing a tumor surgically is the most direct technique of removal.
Are struvite crystals painful in dogs?
They are particularly susceptible to chronic cystitis because the sharp crystals induce microtrauma to the lining of the bladder, resulting in pain and irritation. You must feed your pet a Veterinary Prescription diet such as Royal Canin Urinary S/O if you want to lower the pH of his or her urine, which is the aim in most struvite cases.
What is the best dog food for urinary problems?
Take into consideration a prescribed diet. These formulations are available from large firms including as Hill’s, Royal Canin, and Purina Pro Plan. Consult with your veterinarian to determine which option is best for your pet. Urinary tract disorders may be quite uncomfortable for your pet, and they might result in a near-constant requirement to provide your pup with access to a bathroom.
Are carrots good for dogs with urinary problems?
It is recommended to supplement with B vitamins and antioxidants during times of stress, as well as to provide cooling foods such as fresh fruits and vegetables and yogurt, in order to alleviate the symptoms of a urinary tract infection. Asparagus, spinach, raw carrots, tomatoes, and dairy products are among the foods that are known to worsen urinary tract infections.
Is Royal Canin urinary so good for dogs?
When your dog is suffering from urinary difficulties, you must take extra precautions to alleviate their discomfort. However, with the assistance of your veterinarian and Royal Canin, there is not only hope, but there is the possibility of a real change. This veterinary-exclusive dry dog food was created to provide nutritional support for your adult dog’s urinary tract and bladder health through a balanced diet.
Can you see crystals in dog urine?
It is not unusual to see crystals in the urine of cats or dogs.
In fact, crystals are so frequent in certain pets that they are considered normal in others. Occasionally, however, when crystals become overabundant or when atypical forms of crystals appear, they might create issues or suggest the existence of a disease.
Do struvite crystals go away?
Ruvite stones are difficult to dissolve and must sometimes be physically removed through surgery or other methods in order to be eliminated. If your cat is suffering from a urethral blockage, such as a bladder stone, your veterinarian will need to treat the obstruction as soon as possible.
How long does it take to dissolve struvite crystals?
The average time it takes for a stone to disintegrate is around 6 weeks. If the stone does not appear to be dissolving after a fair period of time, it may be necessary to have the stone surgically removed. Cystotomy is the surgical procedure used to remove a bladder stone. The bladder is opened in this procedure, and the stones that are there are simply removed.
What can I give my dog for crystals in urine?
For example, struvite crystals may be controlled by increasing the acidity of the urine, whereas calcium oxalate crystals can be controlled by increasing the alkalinity of the urine. The pH of the body is changed using a prescribed diet. It is always advisable to boost your dog’s water intake in order to enhance the volume of pee produced.
Can you see struvite crystals?
Due to the fact that the majority of bladder stones (including struvites) can be seen on radiographs, radiographs are the most efficient method of diagnosing bladder stones. Radiographs of the bladder usually show smooth rocks or pebbles within the bladder, which is consistent with struvite stones. Bladder stones can also be seen using ultrasound technology.
What is the difference between struvite and oxalate crystals?
In general, calcium oxalate uroliths are the most radio-opaque of all uroliths, and they can usually be seen on plain film radiographs without difficulty. Struvite uroliths are less radiopaque than calcium oxalate uroliths, thus hence are more difficult to detect.
Dog Diseases – Urinary Tract Disease
Urolithiasis is a urinary tract condition in which crystals or stones grow inside the urinary system, causing discomfort and pain as well as the possibility of a blocked urine stream.
What are urinary bladder stones?
Urine bladder stones (also known as uroliths) are collections of mineral crystals that form a stone in the urinary bladder when they come into contact with one another. Stones can occur in the kidneys on a less frequent basis. pH of your dog’s urine has an impact on the formation of crystals that can lead to urinary bladder stones in the bladder. Stravite is the most frequent sort of stone/crystal, and they tend to develop in urine that is high in alkaline. Other types of bacteria thrive in urine that is more acidic.
What causes urinary bladder stones?
Although there is no one cause of urolithiasis, often known as urinary tract illness, veterinarians are aware of a number of factors that may contribute to the occurrence of the disease in animals. The following are some of the factors that raise your dog’s risk of acquiring a problem: Dogs between the ages of 2 and 10 are most susceptible to the disease, according to experts. Gender: Both males and females are affected equally by the condition, however males are at greater risk of developing a potentially life-threatening urethral blockage as a result of the crystals or stones.
- Food:You’re probably already aware that the food you feed your dog is incredibly vital in maintaining him in good health.
- Certain minerals found in high concentrations in dog food can enhance the likelihood of crystal formation in urine.
- Excessive quantities of these minerals should not be fed to your dog’s diet.
- The presence of some stones may be encouraged by this, making it critical to offer a dog diet that promotes healthy bladder function.
- Breed Predisposition: Smaller-bred dogs are more vulnerable to this disease than larger-bred canines.
Aside from a lack of activity, other contributing causes might include an inability to pee regularly (which is common in an indoor-confined dog) and a reduced water consumption.
Does my dog have a urinary problem or bladder stones?
If your dog is experiencing urinary issues, he may be in a lot of discomfort. If you detect any of the frequent indicators listed below, it is critical that you call your veterinarian immediately for a thorough examination.
- Incontinence or the inability to regulate urination
- Blood in the pee
- Licking the vaginal region
- Straining when urinating
- Urine flow has been reduced. Attempts to urinate on a regular basis
- Lack of energy or interest in typical activities
- Reduced appetite
- Reduced interest in routine activities
If your dog is not urinating freely, it is possible that a urinary obstruction is the source of the problem. Because this disease has the potential to be life threatening, you should consult your veterinarian immediately.
Treatment: The importance of nutrition
The type of dog food that your dog consumes has a significant impact on his general health and well-being. A well-balanced nutritional plan is a vital component of living an active and healthy lifestyle. When your dog is suffering from urinary bladder stones, it is even more critical that you feed him the proper dog food. The consumption of foods rich in magnesium, phosphorus, protein, and calcium has been associated to the production of kidney stones. The feeding of your dog a meal that has restricted levels of these minerals, according to veterinarians, may aid in the dissolving of some types of stones that have developed in his urinary system.
And keep in mind that any dog who has previously been treated for urinary tract illness is at risk of developing the condition again.
Urinary Health Questions to Ask Your Veterinarian
- What may be the source of my dog’s accidents? What are the therapy options for both the short- and long-term
- Make certain to inquire as to whether infrequent or non-pattern accidents may be indicative of a more serious condition. Inquire as to whether the problem is behavioral, environmental, or medical in nature. Inquire about how your dog’s nutrition and water intake may be harming his or her health.
- Is it necessary to include nutrition in my dog’s treatment regimen? If my dog’s bladder health is in question, would you recommend aPrescription Diet®dog food?
- What if I have a large number of dogs? Is it okay if I give them all the same dog food? What role does nutrition play? What is the advantage of delivering therapeutic nutrition as part of a treatment regimen that may also include the administration of tablets
- What are the advantages and disadvantages of utilizing diet to assist in the management of my dog’s urinary health
- Do you think kibble or wet dog food is better for dogs with urinary tract issues? Why
- Consult your veterinarian about whether therapeutic formulae can be blended with kibble and wet food if you are feeding your dog a combination of the two.
- Can you tell me how long I’ll have to give my dog the suggested dog food?
- Inquire as to how feeding my dog a therapeutic dog food will aid in the promotion of long-term urinary health
- In the event that I have questions, what is the best way to contact you or your hospital (email/phone)?
- Inquire as to whether you require a follow-up visit. Inquire about whether a reminder email or notice will be sent
5 Diet Tips for Pets with Bladder Stones
Paula Fitzsimmons contributed to this article. In animals, stones develop in the urinary system when minerals are concentrated in the urine and crystallize, a process known as precipitation. The nutrition that you provide for your pet is extremely important in the treatment and prevention of stones. According to Dr. Anthony Ishak, a veterinarian of BluePearl Veterinary Partners in Tampa, Florida, “what you need to do is try to adjust the balance that is leading to the high concentration of specific minerals.” The sort of stone that develops is determined by which minerals are present in large quantities in the surrounding environment.
Dan Su, a veterinary clinical nutrition resident at the University of Tennessee in Knoxville.
In other words, both an excess of calcium and a deficiency of calcium can result in the production of stones.
It is best to leave the diagnosis of the specific type of stone bothering your animal to your veterinarian, who will then design a diet to cure it.
The following veterinarian-recommended guidelines can help you better understand your pet’s unique nutritional requirements—and put you in a better position to provide the best possible care.
Work Closely with Your Veterinarian
The treatment of bladder stones is not a one-size-fits-all approach. It need the competence of someone who is familiar with the effects of diet on the growth of stones. Your veterinarian is the first line of protection for your pet. The illness, according to Ishak, who is board-certified in internal medicine, “is not one that a pet owner can reliably address by changing dog meals.” It is clear that this is a situation that requires expert assistance in order to be resolved as quickly as possible.
- Other elements contribute to the intricacy of the situation.
- Also, various stones necessitate different mineral or protein reductions,” says the author.
- Jonathan Stockman of the James L.
- “However, when the management of one type of crystal raises the danger of the production of an other type of crystal, the situation becomes more problematic.
Focus on Water Intake
Keeping an animal hydrated is an approach that veterinarians frequently advocate for keeping bladder stones under control. “Increasing water intake to dilute the urine (and thus the concentration of minerals) is typically the most critical component of dietary management, and the part that appears to be done the least,” says Dr. Cailin Heinze, a veterinarian at Tufts University’s Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine in North Grafton, Massachusetts. “It is also the part that appears to be done the least,” she adds.
The author suggests that giving a high-moisture food, flavoring the water, and increasing the number of water dishes be implemented.
Strategies proposed by Dr.
Remember that “it is difficult to give your pet too much water as long as they are freely drinking,” adds Ishak, if you are concerned about over-hydrating your pet.
Feed Your Companion a Therapeutic Diet
Commercial therapeutic diets, according to Heinze, who is board-certified in veterinary nutrition, are the most effective method of preventing the formation of most forms of kidney stones. As she explains, “home-cooked diets are usually a second choice for dogs who can’t eat a commercial diet, rather than the first choice for stone prevention, because they can’t go through the same kinds of testing that commercial therapeutic diets go through to ensure that the urine produced has the greatest chance of decreasing stone risk.” Su explains that therapeutic diets operate by supplying fewer of the chemicals that cause the stones to develop.
If your pet is on one of these diets, make sure to get him or her checked by a veterinarian regularly.
According to Larsen, who is board-certified in veterinary nutrition, “for dogs with urate and cysteine bladder stones, your veterinarian will offer particular reduced protein therapeutic diets that increase alkaline pH and minimize ingestion of stone precursors.” The advised diet will most likely contain modest amounts of protein, calcium, and phosphorus in order to prevent calcium oxalate stones.
According to Dr. Joe Bartges, professor of medicine and nutrition at the College of Veterinary Medicine at the University of Georgia in Athens, “it may also contain greater sodium chloride (to promote watery urine) or higher fiber.”
Be Careful with Added Ingredients
Pets on therapeutic diets should not be permitted to consume any other foods without the authorization of their veterinarian. Dr. Susan Jeffrey, a veterinarian at Truesdell Animal Hospital in Madison, Wisconsin, had a client who had been combining a therapeutic diet with an over-the-counter diet without getting the results she desired. ‘The cat’s stones came back, and he had another medical treatment to get them removed,’ she explains. Despite the fact that your veterinarian has the last word on which foods are acceptable for your pet, there are some general rules to follow.
For individuals with calcium oxalate stones, Su advises that they should stay away from excessive calcium (avoid dairy products and additional supplements) and high oxalate foods (such as spinach).
It is also critical to maintain constant watch for signs of stone recurrence in the future.
The recurrence of stones, particularly calcium oxalates, can occur in certain patients, even if they are fully adherent to the prescribed therapeutic diet, according to Su.
Don’t Use DIY Treatments Without Consulting a Vet
Some pet parents use apple cider vinegar in the hopes of acidifying their companion’s pee, but this is not always successful. This, however, is not always a wise one to make. According to Jeffrey, whose professional interests include preventative care, “I would never add anything to a diet that might raise the acidity of the diet without the guidance of a veterinarian.” Ca calcium oxalate crystals/stones can form in the urine if the pH of the urine gets excessively acidic. Cranberry-based products are promoted for their ability to improve urinary tract health.
However, because cranberry juice does not acidify urine, according to him, it is not regarded beneficial for dissolving kidney stones.
Veterinary specialist Su notes that there are supplements that may be added to diet to change urine pH, such as potassium citrate and methionine.
Brewer’s yeast for dogs with urate stones, vitamin C or calcium for dogs with calcium oxalate stones, and items that alkalinize the urine for struvite stones are all examples of what may be used to treat these types of stones.
The incorrect meals, on the other hand, have the potential to aggravate your pet’s illness. Following your veterinarian’s nutritional recommendations, making sure your friend gets enough water, and being cautious of any extra additives will help your companion return to maximum health.
Dietary treatment of bladder stones
In both canines and felines, bladder stones (uroliths) are a typical source of discomfort. Stravite, calcium oxalate, and urate stones are the most frequent forms of stones seen in the body. Strivite stones in dogs are often caused by infection, whereas the remainder of the stones are caused by metabolic abnormalities (such as liver illness or excessive blood calcium), nutritional imbalances from food or supplements, or hereditary diseases passed down from the dog’s or cat’s parents. There are crystals in the urine from time to time, but no stones.
Your veterinarian will need to do tests to determine what sort of stone or crystal is present since the type of stone or crystal will have an impact on how it is handled (and how you can reduce the risk for having them happen again).
Identifying and treating underlying health conditions that may have contributed to the formation of the stone should be done once the stone has been removed and the kind of stone identified (see below for discussion of specific stone types).
Based on this information and the type of stone you have, your veterinarian can assist you in selecting a diet that will lower your chance of developing future stones.
- Water diluting agents are used to dilute urine in pets by increasing the quantity of water they consume (either by providing canned food solely or by adding water to both dry and canned food)
- Incorporating dietary changes to reduce the quantity of the substances that cause the stones
Struvite Struvite stones in both dogs and cats may frequently be totally disintegrated with the use of specific diets. Besides encouraging increased water consumption, these diets also contain regulated levels of protein and specific minerals, as well as a change in the pH of urination. While the procedures for dissolving stones are the same for both dogs and cats, the procedures for preventing new stones are somewhat different. In most cases, struvite stones in dogs are produced by urinary tract infections, and a particular diet for dogs with struvite stones is *not* required until the stones have been either dissolved or surgically removed from their urinary tracts.
- This will help to ensure that no additional stones form.
- There is little evidence that these crystals indicate an increased risk of stone formation, and they may normally be disregarded.
- The majority of diets that are designed to dissolve struvite may also be used to prevent stone formation.
- Calcium oxalate is a kind of calcium salt.
- They are unable to be dissolved and must be removed surgically, which is normally done through an operation.
- In addition to other health concerns such as excessive blood calcium levels, crystal and stone formation can be caused by diets or supplements that are either too high or too low in calcium, or by a diet or supplement that is high in oxalate or substances that the body converts to oxalate.
- In the case of dogs that do not have an evident explanation for their stone production, nutrition can play an essential role in minimizing the likelihood of future stones forming.
However, urea stones are also frequent in dogs and cats with liver illness, particularly in those with hepatic shunts.
Purines are found in abundance in meat, organs (such as the liver and heart), fish, and shellfish.
Prevention for dogs with liver illness includes both dietary modifications and treatment of the liver disease (such as shunt repair), whereas prevention for dogs with the hereditary problem is generally diet modification, often in conjunction with medication.
We strongly recommend therapeutic diets for dogs and cats who have bladder stones, which can only be obtained from your veterinarian and have been proven to minimize the risk of stone formation in dogs and cats.
These meals are far more successful than anything available at the pet store in terms of avoiding subsequent stones.
Therapies diets, which are aimed to dissolve existing stones or minimize the risk of creation of new stones, are the subject of much study and scientific investigation.
Dietary supplements are then administered to dogs and cats, whose urine is then analyzed to confirm that it has a low concentration of substances that contribute to stone formation and that other features that aid to lower the risk of stone formation have been adjusted.
In order to provide the greatest diet possible for stone avoidance, companies might employ these values.
In grocery shops or pet stores, diets advertised for urinary tract health in cats focus mainly on some elements that minimize the incidence of struvite stones in cats, but these diets are not subjected to activity product or receptor specificity testing (RST).
The disadvantage is that they are unlikely to be as successful as they could be.
Treatments and dietary supplements In this study, therapeutic diets developed for stone prevention were examined in dogs and cats who consumed only the test meal, without the addition of any treats, table scraps, rawhides, dental chews, or vitamins.
If avoiding treats is not an option, consult with your veterinarian about other treat alternatives that are less likely to cause problems with the diet.
Please consult with your pet’s veterinarian about any supplements you are already using or intend to use in order to verify that they will not conflict with the stone-free diet.
Veterinary professionals recommend that owners of all pets with a history of stones – including those on stone-prevention diets – work with their veterinarians to develop a regular monitoring plan that includes urine testing, x-rays, and ultrasound examination to look for new stones while they are still small enough to be treated without surgery.
Additionally, while the majority of therapeutic stone diets are safe for long-term feeding, a few are deficient in specific nutrients and may need more frequent bloodwork and other forms of monitoring.
Clinical Nutrition Team
Dr. Lisa M. Freeman, DVM, PhD, DACVN, Dr. Deborah E. Linder, DVM, MS, DACVN, and Dr. Cailin R. Heinze, VMD, MS, DACVN, are among those who have contributed to the Clinical Nutrition Service blog with posts.
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Can Diet Cause Crystals in a Dog’s Urine?
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Calcium Oxalate Bladder Stones In Dogs
Bladder stones (also known as cystic calculi or uroliths) are rock-like aggregates of minerals that grow in the urine bladder. They are more prevalent in dogs than kidney stones and are more difficult to treat. There may be a giant, solitary stone or a collection of stones ranging in size from sand-like grains to gravel, or there may be a combination of both. One of the most prevalent uroliths in dogs is formed of calcium oxalate crystals, which are found in abundance in the urinary tract.
What causes calcium oxalate bladder stones to form?
Currently, the specific source of calcium oxalate bladder stones is a complicated and poorly known phenomenon. Normal dog urine is somewhat acidic and contains waste products from metabolism, such as dissolved mineral salts and other chemicals, as well as other substances. It is possible for these mineral salts to remain dissolved in urine for as long as the pH remains within a small range and as long as the urine does not become too concentrated. According to current research, urine that contains high levels of calcium, citrates, or oxalates, as well as being acidic, increases the likelihood of a pet developing calcium oxalate urinary crystals and stones.
There are possibly more factors that contribute to the formation of calcium oxalate bladder stones.
Oxalobacter formigenes are bacteria whose only source of nutrition is oxalate.
How common are calcium oxalate bladder stones?
In dogs, bladder stones are rather frequent, and calcium oxalate bladder stones are the second most common form of stone, behind only struvite stones in terms of frequency. It has been discovered that struvite and calcium oxalate uroliths account for more than 85 percent of all canine uroliths when combined. Following the analysis of tens of thousands of stone samples, it has been discovered that the number of struvite bladder stones in dogs has been decreasing for the past 10 years, while the number of calcium oxalate bladder stones has been growing for the same period.
Shih Tzus, Miniature Schnauzers, Bichon Frise, Lhasa Apso, and Yorkshire Terriers were among the breeds that were most frequently diagnosed with struvite and calcium oxalate bladder stones, according to the study.
What are the signs of calcium oxalate bladder stones?
The signs and symptoms of bladder stones are remarkably similar to the signs and symptoms of an uncomplicated bladder infection, orcystitis, which is a bladder infection. Blood in the urine and dysuria are the two most typical indicators that a dog is suffering from bladder stones in the urinary tract (straining to urinate). In this case, the stones brush on the bladder wall, irritating and injuring it, resulting in bleeding and urinating blood. Among the causes of dysuria include inflammation and swelling of the bladder walls or the urethra (the tube that transports urine from the bladder to the outside of the body), as well as muscular spasms or a physical barrier to the passage of urine.
Veterinarians assume that the condition is painful because people who have bladder stones experience pain, and because many clients comment on how much better and more active their dog becomes after having bladder stones surgically removed.
Small stones are not uncommon.
It is possible that the bladder will rupture if the obstruction is not removed.
How are calcium oxalate bladder stones diagnosed?
The ability to palpate (feel) calcium oxalate stones in the bladder may be possible in some circumstances if your dog is calm and the bladder is not too uncomfortable for your veterinarian to do this procedure. Some stones, on the other hand, are too tiny to be touched in this manner. Bladder stones are frequently identified with the use of an X-ray of the bladder or an ultrasound of the bladder. Stones made of calcium oxalate are usually always radiodense, which means that they may be detected on a plain radiograph practically without exception.
In these cases, your veterinarian may propose a contrast study, which is a specialist procedure that utilizes dye to highlight the stones in the bladder, or a bladder ultrasound.
In this case, the imaging methods will indicate the existence of a bladder stone, but will not provide your veterinarian with a conclusive answer as to the composition of the stone.
The radiographic appearance of the stone and the findings of an electrolyte analysis may allow your veterinarian to make an informed estimate as to the sort of stone that is present in some circumstances.
How are calcium oxalate bladder stones treated?
Currently, there are two basic treatment techniques for calcium oxalate bladder stones in dogs: 1) non-surgical removal using urohydropropulsion, and 2) surgical removal of the stones. In rare circumstances, urohydropropulsion can be used to remove small stones without the need for surgery. Bladder stones are pushed out of the bladder using a particular urinary catheter procedure, which is explained in more detail below. This is only conceivable when the stones have a relatively tiny diameter in comparison to their length.
Because the acystoscope may occasionally remove tiny stones from the bladder or urethra, it is recommended that your veterinarian use it whenever possible to eliminate the need for a surgical treatment to open the bladder.
Patients who require surgical removal of bladder stones are typically those who have bladder stones that are too large to be passed through the urine, have a large number of stones in the bladder, are at increased risk for developing an obstruction of the urinary tract, or who desire to have their problem resolved as soon as possible.
As a result, when bladder stones are discovered in a male dog, your veterinarian will almost always strongly advocate surgical removal.
Are there any other treatment options?
Another treatment option for bladder stones may be provided in specific referral facilities that have been carefully identified. A procedure known as ultrasound dissolution is available. Ultrasound dissolution is a method in which high-frequency ultrasound waves are used to disrupt or break up stones into little particles that may subsequently be drained out of the bladder. It offers the benefit of removing the harmful stones as soon as possible without the requirement for surgical intervention.
My dog is not showing any signs. What will happen if I do nothing?
Another treatment option for bladder stones may be provided at some referral facilities that have been specifically chosen. A procedure known as ultrasound dissolution is available. Ultrasound dissolution is a method in which high-frequency ultrasound waves are used to disrupt or break up stones into little particles that may subsequently be flushed out of the urinary bladder.
With this procedure, the problematic stones are removed immediately, eliminating the need for surgery. If this treatment option is accessible in your region, your veterinarian will discuss it with you.
How can I prevent my dog from developing calcium oxalate bladder stones in the future?
Dogs that have suffered calcium oxalate bladder stones in the past are frequently placed on a therapeutic diet for the rest of their lives. A diet that promotes pee that is less acidic and more dilute is highly recommended. A number of diets, including Royal Canin® Urinary SO, Purina® ProPlan® Veterinary Diet UR OxTM/StTM, Hill’s Prescription Diet® c/d® Multi-Benefit, and Rayne Clinical Nutrition Adult Health-RSSTM, have been shown to be effective. These dogs may have difficulty digesting table food.
- Low urine specific gravity (USpG less than 1.020) and dilute urine are both critical components of the prevention of calcium oxalate bladder stones.
- Dogs that form calcium oxalate bladder stones on a regular basis but do not have elevated calcium levels in their blood may benefit from hydrochlorothiazide medication.
- Nuts, rhubarb, beets, green beans, and spinach are examples of foods high in oxalate, thus they should not be fed.
- Bladder X-rays and urinalysis will normally be done one month following treatment and then every three to six months for the rest of the dog’s life, depending on the results of the treatment.
- Unfortunatley, calcium oxalate stones are notoriously difficult to prevent from occurring again, even meticulous attention to food and lifestyle.
What Causes Crystals In Dog Urine?
Crystalluria is the presence of crystallized, concentrated minerals in your dog’s urine, which are present naturally in the urine of other animals. There are several distinct sorts of crystals, and each of these might result in a different type of bladder stone or kidney stone. While it is crucial to determine the kind of crystal in your dog’s urine since it may suggest an underlying condition, crystals in the urine of healthy dogs can also be found sometimes. Some breeds are more sensitive to particular crystals than others: The following breeds are sensitive to calcium oxalate: miniature schnauzers, Yorkshire Terriers, Lhasa Apsos, and Miniature Poodles; Dachshunds, English Bulldogs, and Newfoundlands; Dalmations and English Bulldogs are sensitive to ammonium urate or uric acid; Miniature Schnauzers, Shih Tzus, Bichon Frises, Miniature Poodles, Cocker Spaniels The signs and symptoms of crystals in the dog’s urine Most of the time, your pet will not show any signs of having crystals in his or her urinary system.
If crystals have progressed to the point of becoming stones, you may experience the following symptoms of bladder stones:
- Crystalluria is the presence of crystallized, concentrated minerals in your dog’s urine, which are present naturally in the urine of other dogs and cats. It is possible to develop different forms of bladder stones or kidney stones depending on the type of crystals formed. While it is crucial to determine the kind of crystal in your dog’s urine since it may suggest an underlying condition, crystals in the urine of healthy dogs are also common. There are some breeds that are more sensitive to specific stones than others: The following breeds are sensitive to calcium oxalate: miniature schnauzers, Yorkshire Terriers, Lhasa Apsos, and Miniature Poodles
- Dachshunds, English Bulldogs, and Newfoundlands
- Dalmations and English Bulldogs are sensitive to ammonium urate or uric acid
- Miniature schnauzers, Shih Tzus, Bichon Frises, Miniature Poodles, Cocker Spaniels, What to Look For When Your Dog Has Crystals In His Urine Most of the time, your pet will not show any signs of having crystals in his or her urinary tract. It is possible, however, that crystals have progressed to the point where they have become bladder stones.
Types It is possible to generate several sorts of crystals from a variety of mineral concentrations. The following are examples of urine crystals:
- The minerals magnesium ammonium phosphate (struvite), calcium oxalate, ammonium urate, or uric acide, cystine, calcium, phosphate, and silica are among the most common.
Crystals in the Urine of Dogs: What Causes Them? There are a variety of factors that might generate crystals in a dog’s urine.
- In dogs, there are several factors that contribute to crystal formation in the urine. There are several factors that might generate crystals in a dog’s urine.
Crystals in the Urine of Dogs: Diagnosis and Treatment When your dog’s urine is tested, it may be determined whether or not crystals are present. The urine samples will be examined under a microscope and evaluated for pH and mineral content in order to determine the type of crystals present in the urine. If your veterinarian suspects that your dog may have kidney or bladder stones, he or she may recommend that an x-ray or ultrasound be done to discover them. Canine Crystals in the Urine: Treatment and Prevention Crystals in your dog’s stool may or may not indicate a medical problem and may just be a natural component of the animal’s metabolism.
- In certain situations, changing the pH of your dog’s urine may be necessary, which may be accomplished with a prescription diet.
- In order to encourage him to drink more water on his own, certain prescription diets may incorporate salt supplements.
- Follow all of your veterinarian’s dietary recommendations for your dog.
- It is possible to get strips to test the pH level of his urine at home to determine whether or not the diet is effective if pH management has been suggested.
Crystals in the Urine in Dogs – Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, Recovery, Management, Cost
Despite the fact that crystals are the building blocks of bladder stones, the presence of crystals does not always imply the development of bladder stones, and crystals may be seen in the urine of healthy dogs as well. Crystals are also a risk factor for kidney stones, which is why they should be avoided. It is critical to correctly identify urine crystals because certain forms of crystals can signal the presence of certain underlying disorders. In order to discover illnesses that predispose dogs to kidney stones, it is necessary to identify them.
For example, Miniature Schnauzers, Yorkshire Terriers, Lhasa Apsos, and Miniature Poodles are more susceptible to calcium oxalate; Dachshunds, English Bulldogs, and Newfoundlands are more susceptible to cysteine; Dalmations and English Bulldogs are more susceptible to ammonium urate or uric acid; Miniature Schnauzers, Shi The presence of crystals in the urine is referred to as crystalluria.
In dogs, there are many distinct forms of crystals, and each type can lead to a different type of bladder stone.
Vet costs might sneak up on you without you realizing it. Make a plan ahead of time. Find the pawfect insurance policy for your canine companion. Plans should be compared. The Average Cost of Crystals in the Urine Between $300 to $3,500, 61 estimates were received. The average cost is $1,000.
Symptoms of Crystals in the Urine in Dogs
Most of the time, your pet will not show any signs of having crystals in his or her urinary system. However, you may notice the following signs and symptoms of bladder stones, particularly if the crystals have grown into bladder stones:
- Most of the time, your pet will not show any signs of having crystals in his or her urinary tract. Bladder stones, on the other hand, might manifest themselves in the following ways, particularly if the crystals have grown into stones:
It is possible to generate several sorts of crystals from a variety of mineral concentrations. The following are examples of urine crystals:
- Struvite is a magnesium ammonium phosphate compound. oxalate of calcium
- Uric acide, also known as ammonium urate
- Calcium Phosphate
- Calcium Phosphate
- Calcium Phosphate Silica
Causes of Crystals in the Urine in Dogs
The mineral struvite is composed of magnesium ammonium phosphate. oxalate of calcium Uric acide, also known as ammonium urate Cysteine; Phosphate of Calcium; Silica;
- Strontium ammonium phosphate (struvite)
- Strontium ammonium phosphate Oxalate of calcium
- Ammonium urate, also known as uric acide
- Calcium Phosphate is a chemical compound that is found in nature. Silica
Diagnosis of Crystals in the Urine in Dogs
A urinalysis will be performed to determine the presence of crystals. In order to determine the pH of your dog’s urine, as well as the mineral content, it will be examined under a microscope. As an added precaution, urine samples will be examined under a microscope to determine the sort of crystals present in your dog’s pee. In the event that stones are suspected, an x-ray or ultrasound may be conducted in order to determine the presence of stones. Top
Treatment of Crystals in the Urine in Dogs
The appearance of crystals in your dog’s urine does not always imply that your dog need medical attention or intervention. If your dog is not exhibiting any signs of illness, we may just monitor the situation. Crystals in your dog’s urine are a natural component of your dog’s metabolism and should not be a cause for concern. Crystals, on the other hand, can cause obstructions and eventually lead to stones. Your dog’s veterinarian will assess whether or not he need medical attention. This may need altering the pH of your dog’s urine in some instances.
The pH of the body is changed using a prescribed diet.
Many prescription diets featured salt supplements that were designed to make you thirstier.
Recovery of Crystals in the Urine in Dogs
Follow the dietary recommendations provided by your veterinarian. Keep a close eye on your dog to see if he develops any urinary stone problems. Take your dog back to the veterinarian as soon as it is indicated so that you may monitor the presence and/or amounts of crystals in your dog’s urine over time. As part of pH management, you should get strips that can be used to test the pH level of your dog’s urine at home in order to monitor the effectiveness of the prescription food. Most crucial, make sure that your dog has access to enough of fresh, clean water at all times.
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