Causes of Seizures in Dogs Heat Exhaustion. Nutritional imbalances such as thiamine deficiency. Low blood sugar levels. Liver disease.
The most common causes of seizures in dogs | Pets4Homes
- A range of infectious viral conditions including canine distemper leading to encephalitis, water on the brain or disorders that affect the nervous system can trigger seizures, as can again, head injuries that lead to brain damage or bruising.
- 1 Why would a dog suddenly have a seizure?
- 2 What foods can trigger seizures in dogs?
- 3 Can stress trigger seizures in dogs?
- 4 Can a dog have a seizure out of nowhere?
- 5 What to do after a dog has a seizure?
- 6 Should I take my dog to the vet after a seizure?
- 7 What can trigger a seizure?
- 8 How can I prevent my dog from having seizures?
- 9 What are the 4 types of seizures in dogs?
- 10 Does peanut butter help dog seizures?
- 11 What not to feed a dog that has seizures?
- 12 Can lack of sleep cause seizures in dogs?
- 13 Can dehydration cause seizures in dogs?
- 14 What dog breeds are more likely to have seizures?
- 15 What natural remedy can I give my dog for seizures?
- 16 What causes seizures in dogs?
- 16.1 Seizures in Dogs
- 16.2 What Seizures in Dogs Look Like
- 16.3 Causes of Seizures in Dogs
- 16.4 Dog Breeds With Increased Risk of Seizures
- 16.5 When To Call A Vet
- 16.6 Treatment for Seizures In Dogs
- 16.7 If your pet is experiencing an emergency involving seizures,contact your emergency animal hospitalimmediately. Any time you cannot reach your primary care veterinarian, our team at Carolina Veterinary Specialists are here to help with 24/7 vet emergency services.
- 16.8 What causes seizures?
- 16.9 What happens during a typical seizure?
- 16.10 Is a seizure painful or dangerous to the dog?
- 16.11 What is status epilepticus?
- 16.12 Now that the seizure is over, can we find out why it happened?
- 16.13 How are seizures treated or prevented?
- 17 What Toxins Can Cause Seizures in Dogs?
- 18 Causes of Seizures in Dogs
- 19 What Toxins Can Cause Dog Seizures?
- 20 Dog Seizure Symptoms
- 21 What to Do if Your Dog Has a Toxic Seizure
- 22 See a Veterinary Neurologist if Your Dog Is Having Seizures
- 23 What Triggers Seizures in Dogs?
- 24 Types of Seizures in Dogs
- 25 Symptoms of Seizures in Dogs
- 26 What to Do if Your Dog’s Having a Seizure
- 27 Reasons Your Dog Could be Having Seizures
- 28 Diagnosing Seizures in Dogs
- 29 When is a Seizure an Emergency for Dogs?
- 30 See a Vet Neurologist for Your Dog’s Seizures
- 31 Most Common Causes of Seizures in Dogs
- 32 Medications
- 33 Plants
- 34 Food
- 35 Rodenticides/Insecticides
- 36 Illicit Drugs
- 37 Miscellaneous
- 38 Discover the Many Different Reasons That Dogs Have Seizures
- 39 Extracranial Causes of Seizures in Dogs
- 40 Intracranial Causes of Canine Seizures
- 41 If Your Dog Has Had a Seizure
- 42 Dog Seizures: Symptoms and What You Can Do
- 43 Symptoms of Dog Seizures
- 44 How to Help if Your Dog is Having a Seizure
- 45 Are Dog Seizures Treatable?
- 46 Dog Seizure Disorders: Types, Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments
- 47 What Can Cause Seizures in Dogs?
- 48 What Are the Symptoms of Seizures?
- 49 What Are the Types of Seizures?
- 50 What Should I Do if My Dog Has a Seizure?
- 51 What Should I Expect When I Take My Dog to the Vet?
- 52 Keep These Common Household Items Away from Your Pets
- 53 What toxins cause seizures in dogs? Food that causes seizures
- 54 Home Products That Cause Seizures
- 55 Medications That Cause Seizures
- 56 Other Products That Cause Seizures
- 57 Different Causes and Signs of Seizure Disorders
- 58 Making Sure Your Dog Is Safe
- 59 Dog Seizure Signs
- 59.1 How would you define a dog seizure?
- 59.2 What causes seizures in dogs?
- 59.3 What are the symptoms of seizures?
- 59.4 Are there different types of seizures?
- 59.5 What should you do if your dog is having a seizure?
- 59.6 At what point should I take my dog to the vet if my dog is having a seizure?
- 59.7 What are some misconceptions people have about dog seizures?
- 59.8 What is your dog likely to feel during a seizure?
Why would a dog suddenly have a seizure?
Idiopathic epilepsy, the most common cause of seizures in the dog, is an inherited disorder, but its exact cause is unknown. Other causes include liver disease, kidney failure, brain tumors, brain trauma, or toxins. “Idiopathic epilepsy is the most common cause of seizures in the dog.”
What foods can trigger seizures in dogs?
Food that causes seizures. According to the ASPCA, caffeine, dark chocolate, mushrooms, theobromine, ethanol, and xylitol can cause your dog’s seizures.
Can stress trigger seizures in dogs?
Stress is actually the number one cause of seizures in humans, but less prevalent in dogs. However, there are several factors that can cause your dog physical and emotional stress or anxiety. The physical stress factors that trigger seizures in dogs are very similar to those seen in humans. A big one is fatigue.
Can a dog have a seizure out of nowhere?
Seizures from unknown causes are called idiopathic epilepsy. They usually happen in dogs between 6 months and 6 years old. Although any dog can have a seizure, idiopathic epilepsy is more common in border collies, Australian shepherds, Labrador retrievers, beagles, Belgian Tervurens, collies, and German shepherds.
What to do after a dog has a seizure?
How to Help if Your Dog is Having a Seizure
- Keep Yourself Calm.
- Sit Near Your Dog.
- Time Your Dog’s Seizures.
- Carefully Move Your Dog to a Safer Location.
- Speak in Comforting Tones.
- Lower Your Dog’s Body Temperature.
- Wrap and Comfort Your Dog.
- Let Your Dog Sleep.
Should I take my dog to the vet after a seizure?
If a seizure lasts more than three to five minutes, this is an emergency and you should bring your dog to a veterinarian. Their body temperature can rise quickly and can be a problem. Especially as pets age, seizures that last that long can cause problems with their brain and cause brain damage.
What can trigger a seizure?
What are some commonly reported triggers?
- Specific time of day or night.
- Sleep deprivation – overtired, not sleeping well, not getting enough sleep, disrupted sleep.
- Illness (both with and without fever)
- Flashing bright lights or patterns.
- Alcohol – including heavy alcohol use or alcohol withdrawl.
How can I prevent my dog from having seizures?
Reducing stress and limiting changes to your dog’s environment can help to prevent seizures, as stress is known to ‘trigger’ seizures. Feeding your dog a healthy diet, keeping an eye on their blood sugar and getting them checked regularly by your daytime vet will also come in handy.
What are the 4 types of seizures in dogs?
WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF SEIZURES IN DOGS?
- Generalized seizure or grand mal seizure. These are the most common types of seizures in dogs.
- Focal or partial seizures.
- Psychomotor seizure.
- Idiopathic epilepsy.
Does peanut butter help dog seizures?
Within 30 to 60 minutes, your dog can experience hypoglycemia, low blood sugar. He can also experience lethargy, collapse, liver failure, and seizures. This can all be caused by just a few grams of xylitol. But peanut butter, when safe, can be given to your dog.
What not to feed a dog that has seizures?
Things to Avoid Chemical preservatives, such as BHA, BHT and ethoxyquin may increase seizure activity, as well. At least initially, organ meats such as livers and kidneys should be avoided. An article in Whole Dog Journal suggests that the diet of a dog with seizures should be free of gluten.
Can lack of sleep cause seizures in dogs?
The most frequently reported factors included stress-related situations, sleep deprivation, weather, and hormonal factors. In dogs with focal onset seizures, the number of precipitating factors was 1.9 (95% CI 1.1-3.4) times higher compared to dogs with generalized seizures.
Can dehydration cause seizures in dogs?
The brain swells, causing seizures, lack of blood supply to the GI tract causes ulcers. Dehydration leads to irreversible kidney damage. All these catastrophic events take place within a matter of minutes. Especially susceptible are brachycephalic breeds such as Bulldogs, Pugs or Pekingese.
What dog breeds are more likely to have seizures?
Your dog is most likely to suffer from seizures if he or she is a Belgian Tervuren, Shetland sheepdog, beagle, Labrador retriever, golden retriever, keeshond, or vizsla. Other breeds more prone to seizures include the Finnish spitz, Bernese mountain dog, Irish wolfhound, and English springer spaniel.
What natural remedy can I give my dog for seizures?
Many natural over-the-counter Western herbs, in both capsule and tincture form — including chamomile, milk thistle, skullcap, valerian, oat straw and ginkgo biloba — are used to treat seizures. As with nutraceuticals, always discuss appropriate herbs and dosages with your veterinarian(s) before giving them to your dog.
What causes seizures in dogs?
The causes of a seizure in your dog might range from heat exhaustion to epilepsy, but the most common are listed here. Today, our Greensboro veterinarians discuss some of the reasons why dogs have seizures, as well as what you should do if your dog experiences one.
Seizures in Dogs
For many pet owners, witnessing their dog have a seizure may be a painful experience. Having said that, understanding the causes of seizures in dogs, as well as what to do if your dog does have a seizure, can help to make the situation a bit less stressful for everyone involved.
What Seizures in Dogs Look Like
For many pet owners, witnessing their dog have a seizure may be a traumatic experience. Knowing the causes of seizures and what to do if your dog does have a seizure, on the other hand, can help to make the situation a bit less stressful for everyone involved.
Causes of Seizures in Dogs
Regardless of the underlying reason, a seizure in a dog happens as a result of abnormal electrical activity in the dog’s brain, which results in the canine losing control over their body. The following are the most common underlying causes of seizures in dogs:
- Seizures in dogs are caused by abnormal electrical activity in the dog’s brain, which results in the dog losing control of his or her body, regardless of the underlying reason. Succinctly, the following are the most common underlying causes of dog seizures:
- Poisons that have been consumed, such as coffee and chocolate
- A dog’s head has been injured (for example, in a car accident)
- Infectious disorders such as canine distemper virus infection (CDV) and rabies
- Parasitic infections
Dog Breeds With Increased Risk of Seizures
However, while not all dogs within these breeds may suffer from a seizure at some point in their lives, the following breeds are more susceptible to seizures than others:
- It is possible for Bull Terriers to be affected with a hereditary type of epilepsy, which manifests itself in behaviors such as tail chasing, irrational fear, and unprovoked violence. Large herding and retrieving dogs, such as German Shepherds, Australian Shepherds, Labradors, and Golden Retrievers, may be prone to seizures. Herding dogs with the MDR1 gene are particularly susceptible to seizures. Australian Shepherds, Border Collies, German Shepherds, Longhaired Whippets, as well as Old English and Shetland Sheepdogs are among the breeds that fall under this category. Short-nosed breeds such as Pugs, Boston Terriers, and English Bulldogs can also be more prone to seizures than other breeds of dogs.
When To Call A Vet
If there is a possibility that your dog is suffering a seizure as a result of poisoning, if your dog’s seizure lasts more than 3 minutes, or if your dog has more than one seizure in a row, call your veterinarian immediately. When it comes to the subject of whether a dog can die from a seizure, the majority of seizures are brief, lasting less than 3 minutes, and with correct treatment, the pet can have a normal life. Seizures, on the other hand, may be a severe health problem, and even brief seizures can result in permanent brain damage.
If your dog suffers a brief seizure and then recovers rapidly, be careful to phone your veterinarian to inform them of the situation.
The seizures in some dogs are unexplained and ‘one off,’ but the seizures in other dogs are caused by epilepsy or disease and persist throughout the dog’s life span.
Treatment for Seizures In Dogs
If your dog is having seizures, the type of therapy he or she receives will be determined on the underlying cause. A variety of tests will be performed by your veterinarian in order to discover the reason of your dog’s seizures; if no cause can be identified, the condition will be classified as idiopathic epilepsy (no known cause). Once your dog’s seizures have been identified, your veterinarian will collaborate with you to decide the most effective therapy for your dog’s seizures, which may involve medication or the maintaining of a seizure journal.
If your pet is experiencing an emergency involving seizures,contact your emergency animal hospitalimmediately. Any time you cannot reach your primary care veterinarian, our team at Carolina Veterinary Specialists are here to help with 24/7 vet emergency services.
When it comes to neurological problems in dogs, seizures are one of the most commonly reported. Uncontrolled muscular activity is typically associated with seizures, which are sometimes known as convulsions or fits. A seizure is a transient, involuntary disruption of normal brain function that occurs as a result of an uncontrollable disruption of normal brain function.” Epilepsy is a medical word that refers to the occurrence of seizures on a regular basis.” Epilepsy is a medical word that refers to the occurrence of seizures on a regular basis.
In those who have epilepsy, seizures can occur in a single episode or in clusters. They can also be uncommon and unexpected, or they might occur at regular intervals.
What causes seizures?
Seizures can be caused by a variety of factors. Idiopathic epilepsy, the most prevalent cause of seizures in dogs, is a hereditary illness whose specific etiology is unclear. It is the most common cause of seizures in dogs. Other factors to consider are liver illness, renal failure, brain tumors, brain trauma, or poisons in the environment. “The most prevalent cause of seizures in dogs is idiopathic epilepsy,” according to the ASPCA. Seizures are more likely to occur during periods of fluctuating brain activity, such as during periods of excitement or eating, or while the dog is going asleep or waking up from a nap.
What happens during a typical seizure?
Generally speaking, seizures are made up of three parts: It is at this stage that the dog may hide, act scared, or seek out its owner that he or she is said to be in the pre-ictal phase (aura). It may be agitated, anxious, whimpering, shaking, or salivating, among other things. This might last anything from a few seconds to several hours. This phase occurs before to the onset of seizure activity, as if the dog has a precognitive understanding that something is going to happen. 2)The ictal phase can last anywhere from a few seconds to many minutes, and its appearance can change during that time.
- All of the muscles in the dog’s body twitch spastically and unpredictably if the dog has a grand mal seizure, which is a full-blown seizure that results in loss of consciousness.
- Frequently, the head will be pulled backward.
- If the seizure does not cease within five minutes, the dog is considered to be in status epilepticus, which is a medical term that means “in protracted seizure” (see below).
- In most cases, there is no clear relationship between the severity of a seizure and the length of time spent in the post-ictal phase.
Is a seizure painful or dangerous to the dog?
Despite the dramatic and violent look of a seizure, seizures are not unpleasant for the dog, however the dog may experience disorientation and maybe panic as a result of the experience. The common misconception is that during a seizure, dogs swallow their tongues. This is not the case. Putting your fingers or an object into its mouth will not assist your pet, and you will face a great chance of being bitten extremely hard or harming your dog as a result. Keeping the dog from falling or harming himself by banging items into himself is the most crucial thing to remember.
“The dog may experience disorientation and, in some cases, terror.” A single seizure is rarely harmful to the dog’s well-being.
Hyperthermia (abnormally increased body temperature), which can occur after an epilepsy, raises a new set of issues that need to be handled.
What is status epilepticus?
Status epilepticus is a life-threatening condition that requires immediate medical attention. It is distinguished by the presence of a seizure that lasts for more than five minutes. It is possible that the dog will die or suffer lasting brain damage if intravenous anticonvulsants are not administered quickly to interrupt the seizure activity. If you have status epilepticus, you must get care from a veterinarian as soon as possible.
Now that the seizure is over, can we find out why it happened?
Following a seizure episode in a dog, your veterinarian will begin by collecting a detailed history of the dog’s health, paying particular attention to any possible exposures to toxic or hallucinogenic chemicals, as well as any history of head trauma. In addition, the veterinarian will undertake a physical examination, blood and urine tests, and, in rare cases, an electrocardiogram (heart rate monitor) (ECG). These tests are used to rule out conditions affecting the liver, kidneys, heart, electrolytes, and blood sugar levels, among others.
If the results of these tests are normal and there has been no recent poisoning or trauma, further diagnostic testing may be required, depending on the severity and frequency of the seizure activity.
In this case, it may be necessary to undergo a spinal fluid analysis.
How are seizures treated or prevented?
Treatment is often initiated only when a pet has experienced:1) more than one seizure per month,2) clusters of seizures in which one seizure is immediately followed by another, or3) grand mal seizures that are severe or extended in length, as determined by the veterinarian. Phenobarbital and potassium bromide are the two most regularly prescribed drugs for the treatment of seizures in dogs. Researchers are still investigating the use of different anticonvulsants, and novel anticonvulsants such as zonisamide (brand nameZonegran®) and levetiracetam (brand nameKeppra®) are becoming increasingly popular.
“Once anticonvulsant medicine has been initiated, it must be continued indefinitely.” Once anticonvulsant medicine has been initiated, it must be continued indefinitely.
Anticonvulsant medicine must be withdrawn or modified if it is necessary for any reason, and your veterinarian will provide you with detailed advice on how to do so.
What Toxins Can Cause Seizures in Dogs?
Witnessing your dog have a seizure must be one of the most terrible experiences a person can have. The overwhelming sensation of helplessness you are experiencing may be weighing heavy on your heart, but the best thing you can do is maintain your composure and keep your pet safe while you wait for it to be resolved. Despite the fact that it may seem like a lifetime, most dog seizures are finished in 30 seconds to a minute at the most. Once the bleeding has stopped, your pet should be transported to your veterinarian or the nearest emergency hospital for further examination and treatment.
Causes of Seizures in Dogs
Dog seizures are defined as abnormally powerful bursts of electrical activity in the brain that cause loss of consciousness as well as tremors of the body and limbs in the affected dog or puppy. The dog will often stay awake in situations of partial or focal seizures, and aberrant movements of a specific body part, such as an ear or limb, will usually be observed only in these instances. There are a variety of factors that contribute to seizures in dogs. Dog seizures can manifest themselves in a variety of ways, including:
- Idiopathic (epilepsy with no known cause, which may be hereditary in nature, is the most prevalent kind)
- Symptomatic (as a consequence of structural changes within the brain, such as congenital malformations, inflammation, infection, stroke, or tumors)
- Chronic (as a result of structural changes within the brain, such as chronic inflammation, infection, stroke, or tumors)
- Reactive (as a result of metabolic problems or exposure to poisons that have an adverse effect on the brain)
While toxicity is not the most common cause of dog seizures, the American Society of Animal Poison Control reports over 200,000 incidents of pet poisoning per year in the United States. Dog seizures can be caused by a variety of toxins, ranging from smoke inhalation and salt intake to sago palms and killer bees.
What Toxins Can Cause Dog Seizures?
Some common domestic alcoholic beverages that are considered toxic that might induce seizures in dogs include:
- The following substances are toxic: ethanol (alcoholic drinks, uncooked bread dough)
- Isopropanol (rubbing alcohol)
- Methanol (varnishes, shellacs, paints, windshield washer fluids, adhesives)
- Ethylene glycol (antifreeze)
- Benzene (cigarette smoke).
Dog seizures are caused by a variety of animal substances known as toxins, which include the following:
Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
Another toxin that can cause dogs to have seizures is Carbon Monoxide Poisoning, which occurs as a result of inhaling smoke.
Some common home foods that have been identified as possible poisons that might induce dog seizures include:
- Excessive consumption of saltwater, table salt, or play-dough
- Xylitol (an artificial sweetener)
- Methylxanthines (caffeine, dark chocolate)
Excessive consumption of saltwater, table salt, or play-dough can result in salt poisoning. Xylitol (an artificial sweetener) can also cause salt poisoning.
The following are examples of illicit substances that might cause toxic seizures in dogs:
- Amphetamines, methamphetamines, cocaine, marijuana, and opiates are all examples of stimulants.
The following are examples of common human medications that may be potential toxins that cause dog seizures:
- Analgesics (such as aspirin and ibuprofen)
- Antidepressants (such as SSRIs and TCAs)
- Theophylline (an asthma drug)
- Chlorpheniramine (an antihistamine)
- And other medications. Decongestants (ephedrine and pseudoephedrine)
- Muscle relaxants (Baclofen, Carisoprodol, Methocarbamol, Tizanidine, and Cyclobenzaprine)
- 5-fluorouracil (cancer medication)
- Beta-blockers (cardiac medication)
- 5-fluorouracil (5-fluorouracil (cancer medication)
- 5-fluorouracil (5-
The following are examples of common pesticide chemicals that can induce seizures in dogs:
- Pesticide chemicals that are often found in the environment that might induce seizures in dogs include the following.
Some common pesticide poisons that might induce seizures in dogs include the following:
- Sago Palm
- Brunfelsia (“yesterday, today, tomorrow”)
- Mushrooms (panther cap, fly agaric, gemmed agaric, Smith’s amanita, warted amanita)
- Humulus Lupulus (Hops)
- Sago Palm
- Sago Palm (Hops).
Dog Seizure Symptoms
Some of the signs that your dog is experiencing a seizure may appear even before the seizure itself takes place. Some dogs may appear frightened, clinging, or unstable, while others may appear bewildered and confused. You may find your dog to be shaky, disoriented, temporarily blind, or hiding even after the incident has occurred. However, the following are the most common signs of a dog suffering a seizure:
- Awareness loss
- Involuntary defecating or urinating
- Muscle twitching
- Jerking body movements
- Paddling motions with their legs
- Chomping or tongue biting
- Foaming at the lips
- Loss of consciousness
What to Do if Your Dog Has a Toxic Seizure
However, canine seizures are not painful, despite the terrifying spectacle that occurs when a dog has a seizure. Whenever possible, avoid touching or holding your dog during an episode, no matter how distressing it may be.
It will not assist you, and you face a significant danger of being accidently bitten as a result. However, if your dog is suffering a seizure, there are certain things you may do to help him:
- Ensure that your dog does not tumble off the furniture or down the stairs. Ensure that your dog does not injure himself on anything in the vicinity. When the seizure occurs, note the time. If at all feasible, get a video of the occurrence
- Make an appointment with your veterinarian.
Having more than two seizures in a 24-hour period, or having one that lasts longer than three minutes, is considered an emergency situation for your dog. Take your dog to the veterinarian as soon as possible. If a seizure lasts for more than three minutes, do not wait for it to stop before intervening. The longer a seizure lasts, the greater the chance of serious and perhaps deadly problems developing as a result. If you suspect that your dog has been poisoned, this is likewise regarded as an emergency scenario.
- To report a suspected poisoning, contact your veterinarian or a veterinary poison control agency (see below). Examine the home or property for signs of possible exposure
- Identify and collect any residual potential poison. If your dog has vomited, obtain a sample of the vomit.
The ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center (APCC) may be reached at (888) 426-4435 24 hours a day, seven days a week, 365 days a year. A consultation fee may be charged. Pet Poison Helpline (855) 764-766 is available 24 hours a day, seven days a week, 365 days a year. Fee of $59, which includes follow-up calls
See a Veterinary Neurologist if Your Dog Is Having Seizures
Please contact our veterinary neurologists at Southeast Veterinary Neurology if you have any questions or require assistance. We are here to you and your best friend 24 hours a day, seven days a week. We have three sites in Florida: Miami, Boynton Beach, and Jupiter, each with a staff of highly trained and caring specialists on hand. In order to book a consultation for your pet, please contact any of our locations.
What Triggers Seizures in Dogs?
When a dog has a seizure, it is one of the most prevalent neurological diseases that can happen to him. It is described as an aberrant and exceptionally intense burst of electrical activity happening inside the brain that is characterized by its frequency and intensity. A seizure is not a sickness in and of itself, but rather a sign of another condition.
Types of Seizures in Dogs
It is possible to have both focal seizures and generalized seizures. Focal seizures are seizures that are restricted to a specific area of the brain, whereas generalized seizures involve the whole brain. While suffering from generalized seizures, the pet may lose consciousness and then look confused and disoriented for a while. In addition to inappropriate conduct, these seizures are frequently prevented.
Symptoms of Seizures in Dogs
The following are some of the worrisome signs that might occur when a seizure occurs in a dog:
- It is possible for your dog to experience some frightening symptoms during a seizure, such as the following.
What to Do if Your Dog’s Having a Seizure
Even though it might be upsetting to witness your own pet experiencing a seizure, it is critical to maintain as much calm as possible during the incident. Keep your hands away from your pet’s mouth because they could bite if you try to hold them still or move them. However, even though the majority of seizures are not considered emergencies, you should contact your veterinarian or a veterinary neurologist as soon as possible for further information and to evaluate whether emergent medical assistance is required.
Reasons Your Dog Could be Having Seizures
Perhaps your dog appeared to be in great health prior to their seizure. Alternatively, it’s possible that they were demonstrating unusual behavior prior to this. Seizures are well-known, but what causes them and why they occur are less well-understood. In general, probable causes might differ depending on the individual’s age and breed. The seizures that occur in a young, otherwise healthy dog will most likely be caused by something entirely different than the seizures that occur in an older dog suffering from a long-term health condition.
When your veterinarian knows what is causing your pet’s seizures, he or she will be able to recommend a medication that will minimize the length, intensity, and frequency of your pet’s seizures, allowing your companion to live a more comfortable life.
Their relationship to the brain, as well as whether the seizures are triggered by something outside the brain or something inside the brain, or if they have no underlying cause at all, are important distinguishing characteristics.
A Problem Outside the Brain
Some seizures in dogs arise as a result of health disorders affecting sections of the body other than the central nervous system. These issues might include the following:
- Low blood sugar
- Poisons or toxins
- Liver difficulties
- Kidney illness
- Electrolyte imbalances (low blood calcium)
- And other conditions.
A Problem Inside the Brain
Seizures in dogs can be caused by a variety of issues happening inside the brain, including:
- Brain tumors, strokes, brain swelling, head trauma, infection, and malformation (hydrocephalus) are all possibilities.
Idiopathic (No Identifiable Cause)
The most frequent cause of seizures in dogs is idiopathic epilepsy; nevertheless, the only way to definitively identify it is to rule out all other probable causes, both inside and outside the brain. Other qualities are as follows:
- The most frequent cause of seizures in dogs is idiopathic epilepsy
- Nevertheless, the only way to definitively identify it is to rule out all other probable causes, both within and outside the brain. Additionally, there are the following characteristics:
Diagnosing Seizures in Dogs
In order to determine the reason of your pet’s seizures, we must conduct tests that will either reveal the true source of the seizures or at the at least assist us in ruling out every other possible cause. We adopt a step-by-step approach in order to gather as much information as we possibly can about your pet and their health and wellbeing. The following are the actions to take in order to diagnose your dog’s seizures:
- In order to determine the reason of your pet’s seizures, we must do tests that will either reveal the true cause of the seizures or at the at least assist us in ruling out every other possible source of discomfort. We adopt a step-by-step approach in order to gather as much information as we possibly can about your pet and their health and well being. The following are the procedures to be followed in order to diagnose your dog’s seizure:
If a seizure occurs outside of the brain as a result of an underlying medical ailment, it is typically possible to detect it by blood tests. Aberrant organ function, infection, abnormal blood cell count, and other conditions can be detected by blood testing. The use of MRI and CSF analysis (spinal tap) are the most effective methods of identifying structural abnormalities in the brain that may be the cause of the seizures in a patient. Once we have eliminated every other possible cause of seizures in your pet (diagnosis of exclusion), we can conclude that they may be suffering from idiopathic epilepsy (also known as primary epilepsy).
When is a Seizure an Emergency for Dogs?
There are two crucial criteria that distinguish an emergency seizure, and if you see any of these in your pet, you should contact your veterinarian immediately. These are as follows:
- There are two crucial criteria that distinguish an emergency seizure, and if you see any of these in your pet, you should contact your veterinarian immediately. They are as follows:
See a Vet Neurologist for Your Dog’s Seizures
In the event that you have any more concerns concerning identifying and treating seizures in dogs, or if you would like to schedule a consultation, please contact us. Simply call one of our hospital sites in Miami, Boynton Beach, or Jupiter, Florida, for more information.
Most Common Causes of Seizures in Dogs
Our team would be pleased to assist you if you have any more questions regarding identifying and treating seizures in dogs, or if you would like to schedule a consultation. Simply call one of our hospital sites in Miami, Boynton Beach, or Jupiter, Florida, and we will assist you with your request.
Fluorouracil (5-FU) cream is a prescription medication. Ivermectin Antibiotics known as fluoroquinolones Isoniazid Lamotrigine Ibuprofen Metronidazole Phenylbutazone Amphetamines Vilazodone Diphenhydramine Phenylpropanolamine Procaine Penicillin G5-hydroxytryptophan is a penicillin derivative (5-HTP) Any medicine that has the potential to cause hypoglycemia should be avoided (such as sulfonylureas)
5-FU cream (fluorouracil) is a kind of antibiotic. Ivermectin Antibiotics called fluoroquinolones Isoniazid Lamotrigine Ibuprofen Metronidazole Phenylbutazone Amphetamines Vilazodone Diphenhydramine Phenylpropanolamine Procaine G5-hydroxytryptophan is a penicillin G5 metabolite (5-HTP) Hypoglycemic drugs are those that have the potential to produce low blood sugar levels (such as sulfonylureas)
Metaldehyde BifenthrinStrychnineZinc phosphide4-AminopyridineBifenthrinStrychnineZinc phosphide
Cocaine, amphetamines, cannabis, and synthetic cannabinoids are all illegal substances.
Ethylene glycol is a chemical compound that is used to make plastics. Mycotoxins Envenomation caused by a bee sting Homemade play dough, such as salt dough, is a great alternative.
More Lifesaving Resources
The most common toxic causes of seizures in cats are as follows: We have a great deal more information on this subject:
Discover the Many Different Reasons That Dogs Have Seizures
Seizures in dogs can occur for a variety of different reasons. Unusual functioning of the cerebral cortex, a portion of the brain, results in the occurrence of a seizure. If this malfunction is caused by an abnormality within the brain, it is possible that it is the result of a disease that begins in another part of the body but has the ability to affect the brain as a result of the abnormality. Seizures in your cat might be a symptom of a more serious health problem. If your dog is having seizures, you should take him or her to the veterinarian as soon as possible.
Extracranial Causes of Seizures in Dogs
Extracranial causes of seizures are those that originate in another part of the body but are nonetheless capable of affecting the dog’s brain and causing seizure activity in that animal. The condition causes the seizure to occur because either the metabolism or the electrophysiology of the brain has been altered as a result of it. The whole cerebral cortex is damaged in the majority of extracranial occurrences of seizures, resulting in a generalized seizure rather than a focal or partial seizure in most cases.
- Hypoglycemia (low blood glucose level)
- Liver disease (also known as hepatic encephalopathy)
- And other conditions. Hypocalcemia (low calcium levels in the blood)
- The thyroid gland is afflicted with hypothyroidism (a condition that results in abnormally low thyroid hormone production). Toxins, such as organophosphates, chocolate (theobromine), caffeine, strychnine, and other substances
- Hyperthermia (high body temperature, often known as “heat exhaustion”)
Intracranial Causes of Canine Seizures
These are disorders that induce anatomical or functional abnormalities in the dog’s brain, and hence are classified as intracranial causes of seizures. The following are examples of intracranial causes of canine seizures that result in anatomical abnormalities in the brain:
- Idiopathic epilepsy (unknown origin, thought to be inherited)
- Brain tumors
- And other neurological disorders Granulomatous Encephalitis (an inflammatory/autoimmune disease of the brain)
- There is a loss of blood flow to a portion of the brain in a cerebral infarction. Trauma to the central nervous system
- Congenital disorders such as hydrocephalus
- Degenerative brain ailments such as Alzheimer’s disease
- And other conditions. infectious illnesses such as canine distemper virus infection (CDV) and rabies, as well as a variety of other viral, bacterial, fungi, protozoal, rickettsial, and other infections Inconsistencies in nutritional intake, such as thiamine deficiency
Idiopathic epilepsy (unknown origin, thought to be inherited); brain tumors; and other neurological conditions Inflammatory/autoimmune condition known as Granulomatous Encephalitis. There is a loss of blood flow to a portion of the brain in a cerebrovascular accident. The brain has been traumatically injured. Congenital disorders such as hydrocephalus; degenerative brain ailments such as Alzheimer’s disease; and other problems Viral, bacterial, fungal, protozoal, and rickettsial illnesses such as canine distemper virus infection (CDV), rabies, and other infectious disorders Nutritional abnormalities such as thiamine insufficiency are common.
If Your Dog Has Had a Seizure
It is important that your dog is evaluated by a veterinarian after experiencing a seizure. In certain circumstances, diagnostic testing will reveal that the seizure or seizures were caused by a specific factor. Epilepsy is classified as idiopathic when no identifiable cause can be identified in the patient. Together, you and your veterinarian may devise a health-care strategy to address your pet’s seizures. Despite the fact that seizures might be frightening, they are seldom life-threatening.
If you have any reason to believe your pet is unwell, contact your veterinarian immediately.
Always consult your veterinarian for health-related inquiries, since they have evaluated your pet and are familiar with the pet’s medical history, and they can provide the most appropriate suggestions for your pet.
Dog Seizures: Symptoms and What You Can Do
Brooke Butler, DVMI, contributed to this article. If you’ve ever witnessed a dog suffering a seizure, you’ve probably felt a sense of panic. When a dog suffers a seizure, he will normally collapse to the ground and may hold his legs straight out from his body while doing so. Depending on the scenario, he may also paddle his legs, and he may run around in a frightened circle for a few minutes before collapsing on the ground. Regardless of how your dog’s seizures manifest themselves, witnessing them is not pleasant, and you may be asking what you can do to assist your scared canine companion when they occur.
And if you believe your dog may have consumed something dangerous that might have caused the seizure, take him to an emergency veterinarian as soon as you possibly can.
Continue reading to discover more about the signs and symptoms of seizures in dogs, as well as how to proceed if your dog is experiencing one.
Symptoms of Dog Seizures
- Brooke Butler, DVMI, contributed to this report. A dog experiencing a seizure is a really frightening sight, and you’d be understandably concerned if you witnessed one. In the event that a dog suffers a seizure, he will often collapse to the ground and may hold his legs straight out from his body. Depending on the scenario, he may also paddle his legs, and he may run around in a frightened circle for a few minutes before collapsing on his face. When your dog has seizures, it is never a pleasant experience to witness them. You may be asking what you can do to comfort your scared canine companion when these occur. If your dog is experiencing or has just experienced a seizure, make a note of all the information you can recall about it and book an appointment with your veterinarian right once. In addition, if you believe your dog may have swallowed something harmful that may have triggered the seizure, take him to an emergency veterinarian straight away. Aside from that, there’s a significant likelihood that your dog has epilepsy, which is common in dogs. Continue reading to find out more about the signs and symptoms of seizures in dogs, as well as how to proceed if your dog is experiencing one of these episodes.
How to Help if Your Dog is Having a Seizure
Whatever the case, whether this is the first time your dog has ever had a seizure or you’ve witnessed it previously, try to remain cool before attending to your dog. If you get in his face and start sobbing or yelling at him, he will become even more terrified of the entire situation.
Sit Near Your Dog
Sit close to your dog, but refrain from caressing him too much. Petting his back or other portions of his body that he can’t easily reach with his lips is something you can occasionally do with extreme caution. Keep in mind, however, that dogs may bite uncontrollably when they are experiencing seizures. In a similar vein, your dog may be confused when he approaches to you and may bite you out of fear, pain, or bewilderment if he feels threatened. In the event that you are dealing with a dog seizure for the first time, it may be preferable to refrain from caressing him, despite the fact that this may be extremely distressing for you.
Time Your Dog’s Seizures
If possible, try to timing your dog’s seizures if you are able to. While a stopwatch is preferable, simply keeping an eye on the clock might provide you with an indication of how long your dog has been seizing. Anything less than two minutes should be considered normal; however, two to five minutes should be considered dangerous and your dog should be transported to the veterinarian as soon as possible. Any seizure that lasts longer than five minutes should be taken care of by a veterinarian right once.
Carefully Move Your Dog to a Safer Location
You should gently push your dog to a safer spot, such as a stairwell or the edge of the bed, or place something in front of him that will keep him from falling without injuring him if he has a seizure near these areas.
Dogs may feel agitated or terrified before or after having a seizure, and they may gallop around aimlessly without stopping to consider where they’re going. Additionally, they may not always be able to maintain control over their movements and may even seize so severely that they fall.
Speak in Comforting Tones
Speak to your dog in hushed, soothing tones to help him relax. Some dog owners have even tried playing calm, gentle music for their pets after they have had a seizure. As long as you don’t play anything too loudly, this is acceptable behavior. Your dog, on the other hand, may enjoy it more if you simply let him to return to normal without introducing any further distractions to his environment.
Lower Your Dog’s Body Temperature
When your dog has a seizure, the temperature of his body rapidly rises. In order to prevent more seizures, it may be beneficial to gently drape cool washcloths over his feet once the episode is completed. Wait until your dog has regained consciousness before doing this action, as he may bite you if you don’t.
Wrap and Comfort Your Dog
When your dog has a seizure, the temperature of his body rapidly rises. After the seizure has finished, it may be beneficial to gently drape cool washcloths over his feet to relieve the discomfort. Hold off on doing this until your dog has regained consciousness; else, he may bite you.
Let Your Dog Sleep
When your dog has a seizure, his body temperature rises rapidly. In order to prevent more seizures, it might be beneficial to gently drape cool washcloths over his feet once the episode is completed. Wait until your dog has regained consciousness before doing this action since he may bite you if you don’t.
Let Your Dog Eat or Drink
Seizures cause your dog’s body temperature to rapidly rise. Because of this, it may be beneficial to gently drape cool washcloths over his feet once the seizure has finished. Wait till your dog has regained consciousness before doing this, as he may bite you if you don’t.
Call Your Vet
Immediately contact your veterinarian and ask for guidance if this is the first time your dog has had a seizure, or if the seizure lasted longer than normal. Follow the advice of your veterinarian. If your veterinarian determines that your dog has epilepsy, he may be prescribed epilepsy medication. It is necessary that you consult with your veterinarian for more information on how to administer this medication to your dog and what to expect in terms of side effects when giving it to your pet.
Are Dog Seizures Treatable?
Dogs are prone to seizures, which are not uncommon. Despite the fact that some breeds are more susceptible to seizures than others, all breeds are capable of experiencing them at some time in their lives. Séizures in dogs can be caused by a multitude of variables such as a dog’s nutrition, his age, inherited disorders, underlying illness, and other factors. They may also be caused by epilepsy in some instances. Only your veterinarian can tell you for certain what is causing your dog’s seizures, as well as how to best treat him if he does.
If you have any questions, please contact your nearestVEG location. You will always have the opportunity to talk with a competent veterinarian.
Dog Seizure Disorders: Types, Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments
Dogs are prone to seizures, which are common. However, while some breeds are more prone to seizures than others, all breeds are capable of experiencing them at some time throughout their lives. Seizures in dogs can be caused by a variety of causes, including nutrition, age, inherited disorders, underlying illness, and other conditions, among others. Additionally, epilepsy may be a contributing factor. Your veterinarian will be the only one who can tell you for certain what is causing your dog’s seizures, as well as how to best treat them.
If you have any questions, please contact your localVEG store.
What Can Cause Seizures in Dogs?
- Dogs are susceptible to seizures on a regular basis. Some breeds are more prone to seizures than others, but all breeds are capable of experiencing them at some time in their life. Seizures in dogs can be caused by a variety of factors, including diet, age, hereditary problems, underlying disease, and others. They may also be caused by epilepsy in certain people. Only your veterinarian can tell you for certain what is causing your dog’s seizures and how to treat them. When you keep the advice listed above in mind, the next time your dog has a seizure, you’ll be prepared to assist him through it at every stage. If you have any questions, please contact your localVEG site. You will always have the opportunity to talk with a licensed veterinarian.
What Are the Symptoms of Seizures?
Collapsing, jerking, stiffening, muscular twitching, loss of consciousness, drooling, chomping, tongue-chewing, or foaming at the mouth are all possible symptoms. Falling to one side and making paddling motions with their legs is something that dogs are capable of. Occasionally, they will defecate or pee during the seizure. They are also completely oblivious to their environment. Before having a seizure, some dogs may appear bewildered, unsteady, or confused, or they may stare off into space.
It is possible that they will wander in circles and bump into things.
They may attempt to conceal themselves.
What Are the Types of Seizures?
The generalized seizure, also known as a grand mal seizure, is the most common type of seizure. A dog’s awareness can be lost and he may convulse. It is believed that the aberrant electrical activity occurs throughout the brain. Generalized seizures are generally brief, lasting from a few seconds to a few minutes at a time. A focal seizure occurs when aberrant electrical activity occurs in only a specific area of the brain. Focal seizures are characterized by abnormal movements in a single limb or on a single side of the body.
They may begin as focused and subsequently spread throughout the body.
Your dog can start fighting an imagined thing or chase after their tail out of nowhere.
Idiopathic epilepsy is the term used to describe seizures that have no recognized etiology.
Despite the fact that any dog can have a seizure, border collies, Australian shepherds, Labrador retrievers, beagles, Belgian Tervurens, collies, and German shepherds are the breeds most commonly affected by idiopathic epilepsy.
What Should I Do if My Dog Has a Seizure?
First and foremost, maintain your composure. If your dog is getting too close to something that might damage them, such as a piece of furniture or the stairs, gently move them away from the dangerous object. Keep your hands away from your dog’s jaws and head because they may bite you. Make sure nothing gets into their mouths! Dogs cannot choke on their tongues because they are too little. If at all possible, time it. If your dog’s seizure lasts for more than a couple of minutes, he or she is at danger of becoming overheated.
- Softly converse with your dog in order to reassure them.
- When the seizure has ended, contact your veterinarian.
- If a seizure continues for an extended period of time, the dog’s body temperature might increase significantly, and he or she may have difficulty breathing.
- Your veterinarian may decide to provide IVValium to your dog in order to halt the seizure.
What Should I Expect When I Take My Dog to the Vet?
Your veterinarian will want to do a complete physical examination as well as laboratory tests to determine the cause of your dog’s seizures. Diagnostic imaging, such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), can aid in the detection of brain lesions. Your veterinarian may recommend medication to help you manage your seizures. When administering medication to your dog, always follow the directions provided by your veterinarian. Make sure they don’t miss a dosage.
Keep These Common Household Items Away from Your Pets
As a dog owner, you’re constantly on the lookout for methods to keep your dog safe and healthy. This entails providing him with a nutritious meal, ensuring that he receives plenty of exercise, and taking him to the veterinarian on a regular basis. Another thing you should do is attempt to keep toxins as far away from your dog as possible because you are aware that they are a common cause of seizures, gastrointestinal disorders, and other health problems in canines. If you can keep toxins out of your house, you will be able to avoid any health problems and ensure that your pooch is as comfortable and content as possible.
What toxins cause seizures in dogs? Food that causes seizures
Pet owners are often concerned about the well-being and safety of their canine companions, and this is no exception. In order to do so, you must feed him a nutritious diet, ensure that he gets plenty of exercise, and take him to the veterinarian on a regular basis. In addition, because you are aware that toxins are a common cause of seizures, gastrointestinal disorders, and other health problems in dogs, you should attempt to keep them away from them as much as possible.
By keeping toxins out of your house, you can avoid any health concerns and ensure that your pooch is as comfortable and happy as possible at all times. For additional information on the causes of seizures and the chemicals that may be causing harm to your dog, please see the following links:
Home Products That Cause Seizures
What chemicals contained in common home goods trigger seizures in dogs and why do they do so? It is also possible for your dog to experience seizures and other health problems as a result of various rodent poisonings and pesticides. Bromethalin rodenticide (rat poisoning), 4-Aminopyridine, Strychnine, Bifenthrin, Metaldehyde, and Zinc phosphide are some of the pesticides that are used. If you suspect that you have ingested any of these compounds, you should look for the following indicators of poisoning:
- Seizures, lack of appetite, muscular spasms, poor locomotion, and paralysis in their rear limbs are all symptoms of this condition.
Treatment options for rat poisoning vary, but they may involve inducing vomiting, injecting activated charcoal, and offering medicine to the dog to avoid seizures and muscular spasms, among other measures. In order to prevent your dog from discovering pesticides and rodent poison, it’s essential to keep them all locked up. Please ensure that you read the warning notice before using these items in the yard. You may need to keep your dog away of a certain area of the yard for at least several minutes in order for these items to dry and prevent ingestion from occurring.
Medications That Cause Seizures
The following medicines are frequently implicated in the development of seizures in dogs:
- A common cause of seizures in dogs is a medicine such as the ones listed below.
The use of Ibuprofen, for example, may result in the development of an acute stomach ulcer that results in vomiting, diarrhea and weakness. Other symptoms include pale gums (which indicate anemia), a loss of appetite, and tiredness, among other things. A huge quantity of Ibuprofen used by your dog may cause renal failure, liver failure, as well as tremors and convulsions in your dog’s body.
There are a number of additional drugs that dog owners should be aware of that might trigger seizures in their companions. For example, if you put your dog on antidepressants and his serotonin levels are abnormally high, the antidepressants may have the following negative effects on him:
- Seizures and tremors, excessive salivation, vomiting, diarrhea, disorientation, fast heart rate/arrhythmia, rapid breathing, elevated body temperature, elevated blood pressure
When it comes to antidepressants, it is crucial that your dog receives the proper dosage and that his meds do not interact badly with one another. Consult your veterinarian before administering any prescription or over-the-counter pharmaceuticals to your dog. Additionally, put the drugs in a secure location where your dog will not be able to get them in order to prevent poisoning.
Other Products That Cause Seizures
Antifreeze is another substance that should be avoided. Ethylene glycol, which is the primary element in antifreeze, can induce acute renal failure as well as the production of calcium oxalate crystals in your dog’s kidneys as a result of the crystals accumulating in the kidneys, as well as seizures. Antifreeze may be found in a variety of items such as automobile radiator coolant, braking fluid, deicing treatments, paints, solvents, and wood stains, among others. Antifreeze toxicity in dogs manifests itself in the form of vomiting, drooling, excessive urine and thirst, and wandering about like a drunk.
In order to prevent renal failure in your dog, you must take him to the veterinarian within eight to twelve hours of consumption. Otherwise, he might die from the effects of the poison. Keep your dog out of the way when you’re working with antifreeze to avoid him coming into touch with it.
Different Causes and Signs of Seizure Disorders
Seizures in healthy dogs are not usually the result of toxins in the environment. Seizures may also occur if your dog has suffered a traumatic brain injury, has renal illness, has high or low blood sugar, has anemia, has electrolyte imbalance, has liver disease, or has an embolism, among other things. There are several different types of seizures that can occur, including grand mal seizures, idiopathic epilepsy, psychomotor seizures, and focal seizures. When your dog has a grand mal seizure, the seizures are widespread and are triggered by aberrant electrical activity in the brain.
Focal seizures occur solely on one side of the brain, whereas psychomotor seizures might cause your dog to rush about, chase his tail excessively, or bite at imagined things, among other symptoms.
If you have a Collie, German Shepherd, Australian Shepherd, Labrador Retriever, Belgian Tervuren, or Beagle, your dog may be more prone to idiopathic epilepsies than if you have a different breed.
- Loss of consciousness
- Muscular twitching are all signs of a seizure. Drooling, tongue biting, foaming at the mouth, involuntary peeing or defecating are other signs of a seizure.
If your dog is experiencing a seizure, speak softly to him to calm him down. Avoid touching his mouth, moving him away from anything that might injure him, and gently rubbing him to make him feel better. Once the seizure has passed, contact your veterinarian immediately to discuss your options. Some anti-seizure drugs, including phenobarbital, levetiracetam, and potassium bromide, may be required for your dog’s safety.
Making Sure Your Dog Is Safe
Since toxins can cause seizures and other health problems in your dog, it is vital that you keep them away from him. However, if an accident does occur and your dog begins to have a seizure and display other symptoms, calm him down and take him to the veterinarian as soon as possible to discuss treatment options with him. You’ll have a greater chance of ensuring that your dog stays healthy and lives a long, healthy, and happy life if you take the appropriate steps.
Dog Seizure Signs
Dr. Lisa Lipitz, VMD, DACVIM, is a veterinarian (Neurology) When it comes to neurological problems in dogs, seizures are the most usually reported. Witnessing a cherished pet have a seizure is a terrifying event for the majority of dog owners. It is a chronic ailment marked by recurrent seizures; these seizures are unpredictable in nature, posing an additional difficulty to pet owners who must learn to cope with the condition. The prevalence of canine epilepsy is believed to be between 0.5 and 5-7 percent in the general population.
Here are some indicators that your dog could be having a seizure, as well as what you should do if this happens.
How would you define a dog seizure?
When neurons in the brain behave abnormally and excessively, it results in a seizure, which is a brief presentation of symptoms. Seizures are usually indicative of a problem with the forebrain (the cerebral cortex). In the cerebral cortex, a significant number of neurons communicate with one another using chemical messengers known as neurotransmitters, which are released by the brain. Neurotransmitters have the ability to either stimulate or inhibit neighboring neurons.
Neuronal activity that is considered normal represents a good balance between excitatory and inhibitory impulses. It is possible to have seizures when there is an imbalance between these two systems, which favors rapid stimulation and accelerated firing of neurons.
What causes seizures in dogs?
Excessive excitement of the brain, which results in a seizure, can occur as a result of the following factors:- In dogs, reactive seizures can arise as a result of metabolic disorders or toxin exposure (which affects the otherwise healthy brain of the dog). The diagnosis is determined by the use of testing such as bloodwork and medical history. Patients with symptomatic seizures are often suffering from structural brain diseases such as tumors, strokes, malformations, inflammation in the brain, or infections in the brain, among other things.
- There is no recognized or recognizable etiology for unknown or idiopathic seizures.
- This diagnosis is reached by the exclusion of the two groups listed above, and all diagnostic tests come back normal.
- Brain infections, toxin exposure, metabolic abnormalities such as liver shunts, and congenital brain anomalies are the most prevalent problems seen in puppies younger than six months of age.
- The most prevalent type of brain disease in animals older than five years is structural brain disease, especially tumors and strokes.
What are the symptoms of seizures?
A seizure in a dog progresses through three stages: Before a seizure occurs, a period of changed behavior known as the aura may take place minutes before the event. Although this is not always apparent, many owners have reported that their dogs may hide, act frightened, seek attention, or whimper immediately before having a seizure, among other symptoms. Ictus: The actual seizure itself is referred to as the ictus. It normally lasts seconds to one to two minutes and is self-limiting, although it can last for extended periods of time if it is severe.
Postictal phase: Following the seizure, many dogs have a period of confusion known as the postictal phase.
The most often reported symptoms are behavioral abnormalities, excessive drowsiness, disorientation, momentary blindness, and an insatiable need to eat.
Are there different types of seizures?
Yes, seizures can manifest themselves in a variety of ways. The clinical appearance of a seizure is determined by which part of the cerebral cortex is improperly firing and how much of it is firing abnormally. A generalized tonic-clonic seizure (also known as a grand mal seizure) is the most frequent type of seizure and the one that is most easily recognized by the patient. The right and left hemispheres of the brain are both active concurrently. A characteristic of this condition is that it causes a sideways fall, loss of consciousness, and repetitive contraction of muscles (paddling, jerking of limbs, chewing jaw movements).
- A focused seizure (also known as a partial seizure) is more difficult to identify than a generalized seizure.
- There are two forms of focal seizures: generalized and focalized.
- Simple (focal motor) seizures are caused by the firing of neurons in the motor portion of a brain hemisphere.
- Complex partial (psychomotor) seizures are the most difficult for pet owners and veterinarians to detect since they express themselves as a behavioral aberration in the animal.
These come from the limbic system, also known as the temporal lobe of the cerebrum. The ability to be conscious is frequently compromised. For example, unmoving gazing, hostility, and hallucination activity such as fly biting are all examples of paranoid behavior.
What should you do if your dog is having a seizure?
Keeping your dog on the ground and away from stairs is the most crucial thing you can do to protect them from falling or becoming harmed when they are convulsing. Always avoid putting your fingers in a dog’s mouth when he is having a seizure, since you may be accidently bitten. Maintain your composure. Keep track of how long the seizure lasts and what you are seeing while you are there. If your dog has never experienced a seizure before, recording the occurrence and showing it to your veterinarian might be extremely beneficial.
At what point should I take my dog to the vet if my dog is having a seizure?
The most essential thing to remember is to protect your dog from falling or becoming harmed when convulsing; try to keep your dog on the ground and away from stairs for their safety. Always avoid putting your fingers in a dog’s mouth when they are having a seizure, since you may be accidently bitten as a result. Try to maintain your composure during the process. Note how long the seizure lasts and what you are observing during the episode. If your dog has never experienced a seizure before, videotaping the occurrence and showing it to your veterinarian can be quite beneficial in this situation.
What are some misconceptions people have about dog seizures?
Many people are unaware that a first-time seizure is frequently the most prevalent indicator of structural brain illness in older dogs, despite the fact that this is the case. A seizure can serve as a warning sign that a brain tumor is forming in the brain. As a result, a new seizure problem in an older dog nearly always need further investigation and testing. Almost three out of every four dog owners claim that their dog’s seizures are triggered by something. Stressful events, variations in barometric weather pressure, changes in the lunar phase, and sleep disruptions are examples of these.
In dogs that do not have idiopathic epilepsy, it is a common belief that triggers can induce them to have seizures.
Despite the fact that it is a popular topic of conversation, there is no evidence to support the claim that food intolerance causes epilepsy in dogs.
Another source of misunderstandings is the use of post-ictal home rescue therapies.
If your dog suffers from a severe seizure problem, your veterinarian may prescribe valium rectal suppositories, which can be used to interrupt an active seizure and shorten the time it takes for your dog to recover from an ictal episode.
What is your dog likely to feel during a seizure?
In spite of the fact that seizures might appear to be extremely frightening, in reality, dogs are frequently asleep and consequently unaware that a seizure is taking place. Seizures are not unpleasant experiences. Because of this, it is possible that it is more difficult for pet owners to notice than it is for dogs to experience.