The recommended age to neuter a male dog is between six and nine months. However, some pet owners have this procedure done at four months. Smaller dogs reach puberty sooner and can often have the procedure done sooner. Larger breeds may need to wait longer in order to properly develop before being neutered.
- 1 What is the best age to neuter a male dog?
- 2 What happens if you neuter a dog too early?
- 3 How old should my puppy be to get neutered?
- 4 Do male dogs change after being neutered?
- 5 Does neutering calm dogs down?
- 6 Is it okay to neuter a dog at 1 year?
- 7 Is 6 months too early to neuter a puppy?
- 8 Is 5 months too early to neuter a puppy?
- 9 Is 6 months too early to neuter dog?
- 10 Can I neuter my 8 week old puppy?
- 11 How long is recovery from neutering a dog?
- 12 Do male dogs smell after being neutered?
- 13 Why is my dog more aggressive after being fixed?
- 14 Is 2 years old too late to neuter a dog?
- 15 What Is the Best Age to Neuter or Spay Your Dog?
- 16 Understanding the Basics
- 17 Your Role as an Owner
- 18 In Conclusion
- 19 Spay/Neuter Your Pet
- 20 Choosing the Best Age to Spay or Neuter Your Dog – Buzzards Bay Blog
- 21 For male dogs:
- 22 For female dogs:
- 23 What Is the Best Age to Neuter a Male Dog?
- 24 Benefits of Neutering
- 25 When to Neuter
- 26 Caring for Your Pet After the Neuter Procedure
- 27 Visit Our Veterinarian
- 28 AKC Canine Health Foundation
- 29 At What Age Should You Spay or Neuter Your Pet?
- 30 Our recommendation, after looking at all the pros and cons, is to still favour spaying and neutering at about 6 months of age for the majority of dogs. If you ask our staff you will find that this is the age most of us spay and neuter our own pets. As with anything, there are exceptions to every rule and we encourage you to discuss all of the issues and concerns with your own veterinarian in order to make the choice that is best for you and your pet.
- 31 Spaying and Neutering an Older Dog: Benefits and Side Effects
- 32 The Benefits of Spaying and Neutering an Older Dog
- 33 Spaying or Neutering an Older Dog: The Surgery Process
- 34 Spaying or Neutering an Older Dog: Side Effects
- 35 Neutering Your Male Dog: What You Need To Know
- 36 The Benefits Of Neutering Your Dog
- 37 When To Neuter Your Dog
- 38 Preparing Your Dog For Surgery
- 39 What To Expect Post-Surgery
- 40 Things To Watch For After Surgery
What is the best age to neuter a male dog?
The traditional age for neutering is six to nine months. However, puppies as young as eight weeks can be neutered as long as there aren’t other health problems. An adult dog can be neutered at any time but there is a larger risk of complications.
What happens if you neuter a dog too early?
Early spay/neuter causes loss of bone mass. Dogs who are spayed/neutered before 6 months have a 70% increased risk of developing hip dysplasia. Dogs who are spayed/neutered too early have an increased chance of developing undesirable behavioral issues such as phobias, fear aggression and reactivity.
How old should my puppy be to get neutered?
For dogs: While the traditional age for neutering is six to nine months, puppies as young as eight weeks old can be neutered as long as they’re healthy. It’s possible to spay a female cat while she’s in heat.
Do male dogs change after being neutered?
Behavioral changes are more pronounced among neutered males. They’re less likely to hump people, other dogs, and inanimate objects (though many persist). Males tend to wander and urine mark less, and aggression may be diminished in dogs who previously were.
Does neutering calm dogs down?
A lot of owners find their dog chills out more after being neutered whether they’re male or female. While neutering your dog might help to calm them down a bit, sometimes that’s not the only cause of a dog being a bit much. Neutering your dog will only do so much to calm them down – the rest is up to you.
Is it okay to neuter a dog at 1 year?
Smaller-breed dogs hit puberty earlier, so they can be safely neutered at a younger age. For this type of dog, the best time to is when he’s about one year old. Because the risks are so low for them, you can even neuter small-breed dogs before puberty.
Is 6 months too early to neuter a puppy?
The recommended age to neuter a male dog is between six and nine months. However, some pet owners have this procedure done at four months. Smaller dogs reach puberty sooner and can often have the procedure done sooner. Larger breeds may need to wait longer in order to properly develop before being neutered.
Is 5 months too early to neuter a puppy?
NEUTERING AT AN EARLY AGE The majority of presterilization litters can be eliminated by performing recommended neutering just one month earlier —at 5 months of age rather than 6 months. Clearly, many pet owners are uncertain of when to neuter their pets, but we know that they want to prevent unwanted litters.
Is 6 months too early to neuter dog?
We recommend waiting until your dog is at least over 6 months and likely even older for larger dogs. Studies have shown that large dogs spayed before 6 months of age experience some higher risk of orthopedic problems and certain cancers and that risk is statistically reduced at 12 months.
Can I neuter my 8 week old puppy?
Generally, it is safe to spay or neuter most kittens and puppies at 8 weeks of age. However, be sure to check with your veterinarian and have your pet evaluated before scheduling spay or neuter surgery.
How long is recovery from neutering a dog?
Your pet will need a minimum of two weeks or more to fully heal from spaying and neutering. Many pet owners think that the neutering of male dogs is a simpler procedure and therefore has a quicker recovery time.
Do male dogs smell after being neutered?
For owners who have ever had a dog neutered, you know all too well the funky smell that may be present from some mild bloody discharge after surgery. While many puppy owners can agree the odor is terrible, it is actually quite normal for our puppies to have an odd smell after getting spayed or neutered.
Why is my dog more aggressive after being fixed?
Certain dog breeds are naturally more aggressive than others, so the temporary imbalance in hormones that neutering causes can spike aggressive behaviors in male dog breeds that are predisposed to violent tendencies in the first place.
Is 2 years old too late to neuter a dog?
The simple answer to this question is that it is never too late to neuter a dog. Even if your intact dog has already developed behavioral issues, a late neuter can still decrease their chance of developing prostate disease. I have personally assisted in the neuter of dogs as old as 10 years of age.
What Is the Best Age to Neuter or Spay Your Dog?
In the United States, it is currently routine practice to spay or neuter all dogs and cats that are not intended for reproduction. This procedure is known as an ovariohysterectomy (castration). According to the American Pet Products Association’s National Pet Owners study conducted in 2019-2020, 78 percent of dog-owning families have spayed or neutered their canine friends. This nearly common technique was made possible by the collaboration of veterinarians and members of the animal shelter community in order to limit the number of undesirable animals that would otherwise be euthanized.
It is projected that 1.5 million people are euthanized out of this total.
Understanding the Basics
Pets are frequently spayed or neutered when they are four to six months old, which is considered a fairly early age. However, according to some research, this may not be the greatest time to spay or neuter your dog at this time. When the first spay/neuter initiatives were launched, the link between sex hormones and canine health was not well-considered or understood at the time. We are now learning that some of those judgments may have had an impact on the health of certain pets, which is a concerning development.
- What the researchers discovered was not surprising.
- We already know that they have an impact on psychological development, as well as the musculoskeletal, cardiovascular, and immunological systems of individuals.
- When it comes to canine maturation, there is a significant difference between small and large breeds.
- The final conclusion is that, in general, bigger breeds of dogs may be at greater risk for developing future health concerns than tiny or toy breeds of dogs as a result of early spaying or neutering since they mature at a later age than smaller breeds of dogs.
Your Role as an Owner
Veterinary professionals, according to the American Veterinary Medical Association, should “create an informed, case-by-case evaluation of each individual patient, taking into consideration all of the possible risks and advantages of spay/neuter.” To summarize my thoughts on the subject, I believe that the best age to spay or neuter a dog should no longer be the standard “six months of age” response that many veterinarians have used as a guideline over the years, but rather should be tailored to the specific needs of each individual dog, particularly when the dog is of a large or giant breed.
It is also recommended that you consult with your purebred dog’s breeder, who may be able to give significant knowledge.
A little breed puppy or a toy breed puppy may be neutered or spayed when they are six to nine months old, while a bigger or gigantic breed puppy may need to be neutered or spayed when they are nearing or over the age of twelve to eighteen months.
The one guideline I propose is that you do not deliberately neuter a female dog when she is going through her heat cycle, since this may increase excessive bleeding and cause her to get pregnant.
In the ongoing endeavor to limit the number of unwanted animals and avoid avoidable euthanasia in our country, spaying and neutering pets remains a critical component of the strategy. When deciding whether to spay or neuter your dog, it is important to have a thorough conversation with your veterinarian to determine what is best for your dog’s health in light of current knowledge regarding the probable implications of age at the time of operation on their future health.
Spay/Neuter Your Pet
By having your pet spayed or neutered, you will be contributing to the management of the pet homelessness epidemic, which results in millions of healthy dogs and cats being killed in the United States each year simply because there aren’t enough homes for them to go around. Having your animals spayed (for female pets) or neutered (for male dogs) has also been shown to have medicinal and behavioral benefits. The following are some of the medicinal advantages:
- You may expect your female pet to have a longer and healthier life. Spaying dogs and cats helps to avoid uterine infections and breast tumors, which are malignant or cancerous in around 50% of dogs and 90% of cats that are not spayed. The greatest prevention against these illnesses is to spay your pet before she has her first heat cycle. It is possible to avoid testicular cancer and several prostate issues by neutering your male partner
In addition, there are behavioral advantages:
- Your female pet will not go into heat if she has been spayed. Women go into heat four to five days every three weeks throughout the mating season, however their cycles might vary depending on the individual cat. During this period, your male dog will be less likely to wander away from home since he will yowl and pee more regularly, sometimes all over the house in an effort to advertise for mates. When it comes to seeking a partner, an intact man will go to any length, even if it means devising novel ways to get out of the house. Once he’s out on the streets, he runs the risk of being hit by a car or getting into a battle with another male animal
- Your neutered male may be more well-behaved. The likelihood of unneutered dogs and cats marking their territory by spraying strong-smelling urine all around the home increases with age. After having your dog neutered, he may be less prone to mount other dogs, humans, and inanimate things in the future. Some aggressiveness issues can be prevented if a dog is neutered at a young age.
Having your dogs spayed or neutered is also a very cost-effective option. Having your pet spayed or neutered is far less expensive than raising and caring for a litter of puppies or kittens. Dispelling Common Myths and Misconceptions About Spay/Neuter Procedures
- Your pet will not get overweight as a result of having him or her spayed or neutered. It is overfeeding and a lack of activity that will cause your pet to gain weight, not neutering. As long as you continue to give exercise and regulate her food consumption, your pet will remain in good shape. Although neutering can help with some behavioral issues, it is not a panacea. Although neutering your pet can typically minimize undesired behaviors that are caused by a greater amount of testosterone in the body, there is no assurance that your dog’s behavior will alter after he has been neutered or spayed. However, while the procedure will lessen the quantity of testosterone in your dog’s system, it will not fully remove the hormone from his system. The fact that your pet has learnt or has been accustomed to certain habits will not be diminished by neutering. Depending on your dog’s personality, physiology, and history, neutering might have a variety of consequences on him.
When Should You Neuter or Spay Your Pet?
- As for dogs, while the conventional age for neutering is six to nine months, puppies as early as eight weeks old can be neutered if they are in good condition, according to the American Veterinary Medical Association. Adult dogs can also be neutered, albeit the risk of post-operative complications is slightly increased in older dogs, overweight dogs, and dogs with health issues. Cats should eat the following foods: Spaying or neutering kittens as early as eight weeks of age is typically regarded to be a risk-free procedure. At this time of year, surgery is frequently performed in animal shelters to sterilize kittens before they are placed up for adoption. It is recommended that you arrange the procedure before your own cat reaches the age of five months in order to avoid the onset of urine spraying and the possibility of pregnancy. It is possible to neuter a female cat while she is in heat
- However, this is not recommended.
Consult with your veterinarian to identify the most appropriate timing for spaying or neutering your animal. Providing Assistance to Your Pet Before and After Surgery Pre-surgical instructions will be provided by your veterinarian facility, and you should adhere to them. Avoid feeding your cat any food after midnight the night before surgery, as a general rule of thumb. A puppy or kitten, on the other hand, need proper nourishment, and your veterinarian may recommend that you do not withhold food from them.
Despite the fact that your pet may suffer some discomfort during surgery, your veterinarian can take a variety of steps to alleviate the discomfort.
Following are some suggestions for a safe and comfortable recovery:
- Provide your pet with a quiet location to recuperate that is both inside and away from other pets. During the first two weeks following surgery, or as long as your veterinarian suggests, keep your pet from running and jumping around
- By diverting your pet with food or by wearing an Elizabethan collar, you may prevent your pet from licking the incision site, which could result in infection. For at least ten days following surgery, refrain from washing your pet. Check the incision site on a regular basis to ensure that it is healing properly
Any redness, swelling, or discharge at the operation site, or if the incision is open, you should contact your veterinarian immediately to discuss it. Additionally, contact your veterinarian if your pet appears sluggish, has a decreased appetite, is vomiting or has diarrhea, or if you have any other concerns following surgery. Please see ourLow-Cost Spay/Neuter Programs page for information on low-cost spay/neuter programs in your region.
Choosing the Best Age to Spay or Neuter Your Dog – Buzzards Bay Blog
For decades, veterinary literature has highlighted the importance of selecting the appropriate age at which to spay or neuter your dog. In recent years, animal shelters and rescue organizations have lobbied for early spay and neutering, at 6 months of age or even younger, with the objective of eliminating unwanted litters of puppies and kittens. As an extra bonus, the procedure is less complex and takes less time in these young puppies since they are not yet sexually mature.
According to recent research, there may be some advantages to waiting until your dog is a little older before having the procedure done, particularly in the case of large breed dogs.
For male dogs:
Lifting their leg to mark their pee (even in the home), humping, and overprotectiveness are all symptoms of sexual maturity in male dogs. Some of these behaviors can begin at a young age and become more severe as the dog matures, which can take up to 12 months or even longer in the case of big breeds. As their growth plates close, they are able to put on more muscle during this period. This development of their musculoskeletal system can aid in the prevention of some orthopedic problems later in life, which is particularly important in large breed dogs.
Male dogs who are allowed to live to adulthood and into their senior years may develop prostate illness, perineal hernias, perianal tumors, and testicular tumors if they are not spayed or neutered.
Small dogs do not have as many orthopedic concerns as larger dogs, therefore neutering them while they are younger, between 6 and 12 months of age, is acceptable.
For female dogs:
Humping, elevating their leg to mark their pee (even in the house), and overprotectiveness are all symptoms of sexual maturity in male dogs. Some of these behaviors can begin at a young age and become more severe as the dog matures, which can take up to 12 months or even longer in the case of big dogs. As their growth plates close, they are able to put on greater muscular mass. Particularly in large-breed dogs, this development of their musculoskeletal system might help them avoid some orthopedic issues later in life.
During maturity and into their senior years, male dogs that are not spayed or neutered may develop prostate illness, perineal hernias, perianal tumors, and testicular tumors, among other problems.
It is OK to neuter little dogs when they are 6-12 months old since they do not have as many orthopedic difficulties as large dogs.
What Is the Best Age to Neuter a Male Dog?
There are several health benefits of neutering your male dog. The method also contributes to the reduction of pet homelessness. You can select the best course of action for your pet by consulting with our veterinarians in Tucson.
Benefits of Neutering
Spaying or neutering your male dog can help to reduce the risk of prostate and testicular cancer. It may also decrease the likelihood of your male dog running away from home. Non-neutered males will go to any length to locate a mate, and if they manage to get away, they will willingly risk battles with other animals or injuries in traffic to do so. In addition, a neutered man may be more well-behaved. Neither will he be marking his territory nor will he be climbing inanimate things, humans, or other canines.
Neutering at an early stage can also help to resolve certain types of aggressiveness problems. Also, it’s a good financial decision because the cost of the treatment is far less expensive than the expense of caring for a full litter of pups.
When to Neuter
Neutering is traditionally performed between the ages of six and nine months. If there are no other health issues, pups as early as eight weeks can be neutered, but they must be examined first. A neutered adult dog can be neutered at any time, although there is a higher risk of problems during this procedure. Dogs that are older, dogs who have health problems, and dogs who are overweight are all at increased risk of developing difficulties.
Caring for Your Pet After the Neuter Procedure
Our veterinary clinic will provide pre-surgical recommendations that must be followed. Your dog will require appropriate nourishment, and your veterinarian may advise against withholding meals from him. Additionally, you should adhere to the post-operative guidelines. It is possible to have some discomfort following surgery, however our veterinarian can advise you on how to manage the discomfort. You should confine your pet to a quiet area away from other animals in order to provide a pleasant recuperation for him or her.
You may also need to avoid licking your wounds because this might spread infection.
Visit Our Veterinarian
More information about neutering your dog in Tucson, AZ can be obtained by contacting Twin Peaks Veterinary Center at (520) 413-9422 or by submitting an appointment request online now.
AKC Canine Health Foundation
09/01/2020 Sharon M. Albright, DVM, CCRT is the author of this article. An rising body of research indicates that neutering (including spaying) male and female dogs might have negative health consequences, including an increased risk of certain joint abnormalities (hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, and cranial cruciate ligament rupture), cancer, and reproductive problems (lymphoma, mast cell tumor, hemangiosarcoma, and osteosarcoma). However, the danger varies based on the breed of the dog, the age at when it was neutered, and the gender of the dog.
They have developed criteria for when to neuter a dog based on the breed, gender, and body weight of the dog in order to prevent increasing the chance of these joint illnesses and malignancies in the future.
The recommendations were published in Frontiers in Veterinary Science.
It is hoped that this research will give veterinarians and dog owners with data-based knowledge on the optimal age for neutering each particular dog.
More information may be found here. Spay/neuter recommendations tables, as well as complete scientific articles, are accessible for download via the links provided below.
- Hart, B. L., Hart, L. A., Thigpen, A. P., Willits, N. H. Hart, B. L., Hart, L. A., Thigpen, A. P., Willits, N. H. Hart, B. L., Hart, L. A., Hart, L. A., Hart, L. A., Hart, L. A., Hart, L. A., Hart, L. A., Hart, L. (2020). Assistance in Making Decisions About the Age of Neutering in 35 Dog Breeds: The Risk of Joint Disorders, Cancer, and Urinary Incontinence are Considered. Hart et al., Frontiers in Veterinary Science, vol. 7, no. 388. Benjamin L., Hart Lynette A., Thigpen Abigail P., Willits Neil H., Hart Lynette A., Thigpen Abigail P., Willits Neil H. (2020). Informed Decision-Making Regarding the Age of Neutering for Mixed Breed Dogs of Five Weight Categories: Joint Disorders and Cancers Associated with the Breed Frontiers in Veterinary Science, vol. 7, no. 4, p. 472
Learn more about this topic from Dr. Hart’s October 7, 2020 webinar.Click here to register.
It has long been the accepted practice in veterinary medicine to spay and neuter pet dogs and cats that are not intended to be used for reproduction. Recently published research linking gonadectomy to higher rates of certain diseases in neutered dogs is raising concerns about a procedure that was once considered to be relatively safe.Earlier this year, the American Veterinary Medical Association’s House of Delegates dedicated a portion of its Veterinary Information Forum to this issue after two studies published in the journal Frontiers in Veterinary Science in July reported associations between neutering and higher rates of joint disorders and cancers in some mixed-breed dogs For example, recuperation time and cost are higher for older dogs following ovariohysterectomy than they are for younger dogs undergoing the treatment.
Retention of deciduous teeth in toy dog breeds is not unusual, and retained teeth have frequently been removed at the same time as the dog was neutered to reduce the risk of infection.
Gary Stuer, alternate delegate for the American Holistic VMA and clinical practitioner in Bethel, Maine.
It has long been the accepted practice in veterinary medicine to spay and neuter pet dogs and cats that are not intended to be bred. Nonetheless, recent research linking gonadectomy to higher incidences of certain diseases in neutered dogs is raising concerns about a procedure that was once considered to be relatively safe.Earlier this year, the AVMA House of Delegates devoted part of its Veterinary Information Forum to this issue after two studies published in the journal Frontiers in Veterinary Science in July reported associations between neutering and higher rates of joint disorders and cancers in some mixed-breed dogs were published.
For example, older dogs undergoing ovariohysterectomy had a longer recovery period and a higher cost associated with the treatment than younger dogs.
In many cases, retained teeth have been removed at around the same time that the dog was neutered.
“We have breeders in our area who give contradictory information to clients about when to spay or neuter their animals,” said Dr.
Are you sure?
The UC-Davis research have been questioned, as have all studies that have linked gonadectomy to an increased risk of developing illness. Dr. Lindy O’Neal, the Arkansas representative to the House of Delegates and a member of the House Advisory Committee, highlighted various concerns about the research, which looked at 35 different dog breeds, during the HOD information session on Tuesday. According to Dr. O’Neal, “While new data is useful, the limits of the research deserve rigorous review.” It is important to note that this study was retrospective in nature, with small sample sizes, contradictory findings between breeds, selection bias in records from secondary or tertiary referral hospitals, difficulties with statistical analysis, and a relatively young average age of patients at their last recorded visit.
She cited a Veterinary Information Network report authored by veterinary oncologists who criticized some of the research’s cancer-related results, including the notion that the study was conclusive.
Accordingly, if cancer is the cause of just a small number of ‘early’ deaths, the effect of desexing on all-cause mortality should be substantially independent of the cancer effect.”
What do I do?
Companion animals that are not meant for reproduction should be spayed or neutered, according to recommendations from the American College of Theriogenologists and the Society for Theriogenology, unless the surgery is contraindicated. The possible effects to an individual animal must also be balanced against the requirement of population management. The American Veterinary Medical Association encourages veterinarians to use their professional judgment in establishing an informed, case-by-case assessment of each individual patient, taking into consideration all of the possible risks and advantages of spay/neuter.
- Kendall Houlihan is an assistant director of animal welfare at the American Veterinary Medical Association.
- There are just too many factors to take into consideration, such as breed, gender, age, and body shape.
- As Dr.
- Rens van Dobbenburgh, head of the Federation of Veterinarians of Europe, stated at the HOD reference committee meetings that comparable discussions were going place across the Atlantic, where opinions on the timing of spay or neuter are split.
- Along with AVMA resources, The World Small Animal Veterinary Association recently announced the launch of the Spay-Neuter Standardization Committee, which will work to standardize spay-neuter procedures.
At What Age Should You Spay or Neuter Your Pet?
Published on July 11, 2019. This is a subject that we are frequently asked, and we wanted to cover all of the numerous variables that must be considered while making this decision for your dog or cat. Take a look at some of the vocabulary that is often used: Female surgery is commonly referred to as aspay, although the medical term for the procedure is ovariohysterectomy. A female dog who has had the treatment would be referred as as a paid female. The term “intact female” might be used in the case of a woman who has not been spayed.
A neutered male dog is what you would describe a male dog who has had the surgery.
First and foremost, we must admit that we have conclusive evidence from several studies showing spaying and neutering are highly connected with longer longevity.
Spaying and neutering enhance life expectancy due to the fact that, while it raises the chance of some diseases (such as certain forms of cancer and orthopedic disorders), it significantly reduces the risk of mortality from a wide range of other reasons (other types of cancer, trauma, infections, etc).
- The question is, at what age should this be carried out.
- The practice of spaying and neutering pets in North America has traditionally occurred around the time of, or just before, the animal’s achieving sexual maturity.
- In European nations, regular spaying and neutering is less prevalent; most pets live their whole lives without having their reproductive organs removed unless the treatment is required to cure a medical problem.
- This has prompted individuals to begin exploring the effects of spaying and neutering on animals, as well as debating the optimal age at which these procedures should be performed.
- In the case of elder spays and neuters, the risk of some issues and diseases increases while the risk of others reduces, as shown in the table below.
- For those who prefer not to wade through the technical jargon, we’ve included a succinct overview with our suggestions at the bottom of the page.
- In addition to genetic predisposition, breed, and age, there are a variety of other variables that contribute to the development of cancer.
These factors include viral infection, the environment, and chronic inflammation, to mention a few. The presence or absence of a spay or neuter procedure can also either raise or lower the risk of cancer, depending on the kind of cancer.
- Mast cell tumors (the canine counterpart of breast cancer) are the most prevalent type of cancer in female dogs, and they are frequently malignant (cancerous) (spread aggressively). The risk of breast cancer is 3.4 percent in the United States, where the majority of dogs are spayed. Between 1985 and 2002, mammary cancer accounted for 70 percent of all cancer cases in Italy, where the majority of dogs are not spayed, while the prevalence of mammary cancer in Norway was 53 percent. It is widely recognized that spaying has the best advantage in terms of breast cancer prevention when done before the first heat of the month (risk of mammary cancer is 0.05 percent ). Breast cancer risk increases with each heat: 8 percent if spayed after the first heat, and 26 percent if spayed after the second heat, according to the American Cancer Society. In the case of breast cancer, spaying is beneficial, and the earlier it is done, the better. In addition to ovarian cancer and uterine cancer, vaginal cancer and vulvar cancer are all rare or uncommon in females and may all be avoided by spaying or neutering. The age at which the surgery is conducted is unlikely to be significant as long as the procedure is undertaken before the cancer has a chance to grow. Men are more prone to testicular cancer than women, with males accounting for 16 percent to 27 percent of all cancer cases among men who are sexually intact. As long as the procedure is performed before the cancer develops, neutering can prevent this malignancy from occurring. Dogs are extremely rare cases of prostate cancer. Neutering has been demonstrated to modestly raise the risk of prostate cancer, although it is probable that the age at which it is performed has no effect on whether or not the cancer develops. In fact, according to one research, neutered dogs were more likely to be older at the time of their prostate cancer diagnosis. The risk of prostate cancer varies depending on the breed. Dog spaying and neutering have been linked to a kind of cancer called lymphomaia, with a broad range of outcomes having been seen. According to one study, intact males, neutered males, and spayed females were more likely than inintact females to develop lymphoma. Neutered male German Shepherds and Labrador Retrievers were shown to have no elevated risk of lymphoma as compared to unneutered males or unspayed females in studies. According to a research in Golden Retrievers, spaying at any age did not raise the risk of lymphoma
- However, neutering males before to the age of one year did increase the chance of lymphoma. The prognosis for mast cell tumors varies depending on the grade and location of the tumor. Regardless of whether or not a dog has been spayed or neutered, the breed has a factor in risk. There have been some studies that suggest that spayed females may be at greater risk than intact females, however the age at which the spaying was performed was not taken into consideration. Other studies conducted on Golden Retrievers, Labrador Retrievers, and German Shepherds found that there was no change in risk regardless of whether or not the dogs were spayed or neutered, or the age at which they were spayed or neutered. Hemangiosarcoma is a deadly disease that affects dogs. With the exception of one research in Vizslas, which found that males who were neutered after one year of age were at greater risk of developing this cancer, neutering of males of other breeds tested did not raise the risk of developing this cancer. Female Vizslas and Golden Retrievers were shown to be at greater risk for hemangiosarcoma when spayed after one year of age, according to research. Female Golden Retrievers who were spayed after one year of age had a fourfold increased risk of developing this malignancy compared to intact females and females who were spayed before six months of age. Another follow-up research in Golden Retrievers of both sexes found that spaying did not raise the chance of developing cancer. Neither spaying nor neutering Labrador Retrievers nor German Shepherds is associated with an increased risk of this form of cancer. Osteosarcoma is the most prevalent type of bone cancer in dogs, and it is caused by a genetic mutation. Dogs of large and enormous breeds are at a higher risk of developing this form of cancer. One research, which did not take into account the age of spaying and neutering, indicated that both men and females were at greater risk when compared to their intact counterparts. A study on Rottweilers found that if they were spayed or neutered before the age of one year, they were at greater risk for both sexes. A research conducted on German Shepherds found that neutering did not result in an increased risk, regardless of the dog’s age.
Orthopedic Complications Despite the fact that orthopedic illnesses like as Cranial Cruciate Ligament (CCL) injuries and hip dysplasia are not intrinsically life threatening, they can have a substantial impact on quality of life and can have financial repercussions if surgical treatment is necessary. Spaying and neutering can reduce the chance of developing these problems, but bigger breed dogs are already at higher risk of developing them.
- Hip dysplasia: The most important element in determining whether or not a dog will develop hip dysplasia is genetics. According to studies conducted on Golden Retrievers, males who were neutered before the age of one year were at a slightly higher risk, whereas Boxers were at a little higher risk regardless of when they were spayed or neutered. The spaying and neutering of German Shepherds does not appear to be associated with hip dysplasia
- Nonetheless, cranial cruciate ligament injuries are quite prevalent in this breed
- These injuries have been connected to a variety of factors, including trauma, age, obesity, the form of the leg, the angle of the stifle joint, and ligament degradation. CCL injuries in spayed and neutered dogs have been demonstrated to be more common, but the prevalence varies greatly between breeds, according to the research. One research, which looked at Golden Retrievers, discovered that spaying raised the risk, but that the age of the dog at the time of spaying did not affect. According to a study conducted on German Shepherds, those who were spayed or neutered before the age of one year had a higher chance of developing cancer than intact males and females. However, the study did not compare the risks of those who were spayed or neutered after the age of one year. Consequently, we are unclear if delaying spaying and neutering until dogs are a bit older (i.e., 1-2 years old) would be protective or not
Behavioral Issues are a common occurrence. Female and male spaying and neutering can aid in the prevention or elimination of certain behaviors such as wandering, hormonal aggressiveness, urine marking, and mounting behavior in males. After conducting a survey of dog owners, it was shown that spaying females may enhance dominant aggressiveness, but only in dogs who had previously demonstrated hostility. In addition, studies have found that spaying and neutering can increase anxiety, noise phobias, and barking in certain dogs, while separation anxiety, frightened urination, and escape were found to be reduced with spaying and neutering in another dog.
- Men who are neutered have a lower chance of prostate hypertrophy, prostatic cysts, and infections, among other things.
- It doesn’t matter how old the dog is as long as he gets neutered before the sickness manifests itself.
- Pyometra is a uterine infection that can be fatal if left untreated.
- It may be avoided by spaying the animal before it develops.
- Females may experience difficulties giving birth and may require surgical intervention to complete the process.
- Spaying to prevent pregnancy is most effective just before the first heat of the month.
- Apparently, a female in heat attracts guys from kilometers around!
Females who have been spayed are more likely to experience urinary incontinence.
Canines that were older when they were spayed developed incontinence more quickly than younger dogs.
According to the evidence, this is due to an increase in hunger and alterations in metabolism.
Despite the fact that obesity is a frequent concern, it is a multifaceted problem, and studies have shown that proper management of nutrition and exercise may help to maintain a healthy body condition regardless of whether a pet has been spayed or neutered.
The risk appraisal process for a surgical candidate includes determining the individual’s age, body weight, and any existing medical issues.
The practice of neutering male animals when they are older increases the likelihood of postoperative swelling, discomfort and infection.
Pet overpopulation is being controlled by having all dogs and cats spayed or neutered at the time of adoption in rescue or animal shelter circumstances, and this operation is being performed in those instances.
Once a pet has been adopted out, compliance with spay/neuter contracts drops to around 40%.
This will avoid unintended litters and will help to curb pet overpopulation.
What it all comes down to is this: A growing body of evidence is emerging on the hazards and advantages associated with the age at which spaying and neutering should be performed, and as new information becomes available, current guidelines will be evaluated and reconsidered.
Large breed dogs (those weighing more than 50 pounds as an adult): This is where things become a little more complicated.
Spaying older females may lower the risk of some forms of cancer while increasing the risk of others, according to some research.
Waiting until you are older may assist with certain behaviors, but you will have to deal with messy heat cycles as well as the chance of an unexpected pregnancy if you do so.
Our recommendation, after looking at all the pros and cons, is to still favour spaying and neutering at about 6 months of age for the majority of dogs. If you ask our staff you will find that this is the age most of us spay and neuter our own pets. As with anything, there are exceptions to every rule and we encourage you to discuss all of the issues and concerns with your own veterinarian in order to make the choice that is best for you and your pet.
Houlihan, Kendall E. A literature review on the welfare implications of canine gonadectomy (Houlihan, Kendall E. A literature review on the welfare implications of canine gonadectomy (Houlihan, Kendall E. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association2017; 250: 1155-1166. Website of the American Heart Association: PetMD’s official website:
Spaying and Neutering an Older Dog: Benefits and Side Effects
Is it possible to spay or neuter an older dog? Spaying or neutering an older dog is also a popular practice, despite the fact that these operations are more typically performed while a dog is younger. Despite the fact that spaying or neutering an older dog might have negative side effects, it is occasionally necessary to treat or prevent illness. Take, for example, the case of Waldo, a Golden Retriever who is eleven years old. I adore watching my puppy patients develop and mature as they progress through life.
- It was with this frame of mind that I went about my investigation of Waldo.
- During that time, he was a little golden ball of fluff that rolled over my exam room floor, biting at my legs as I attempted to examine him.
- His mother said that Waldo had been requesting to go outside more frequently, causing some of his bladder muscles to strain and making smaller pee pools than usual.
- In fact, they hadn’t even considered mentioning them until I brought it up.
- In my explanation to the parent, I stated that “we really should perform a little more testing in order to evaluate the importance of these findings.” We were able to have Waldo admitted as an outpatient.
The Benefits of Spaying and Neutering an Older Dog
Not only is spaying and neutering dogs important for population control, but it is also important for the health of the dog. Several types of malignancies, as well as pyometras (uterine infections), prostatic illness, prostatic enlargement, and a range of behavioral disorders, can be avoided when spaying or neutering is performed before disease develops. Despite the fact that doctors prefer to spay and neuter dogs while they are young, neutering or spaying older dogs, or any age dog for that matter, may be accomplished with a little forward preparation.
Unfortunately, I have also had to conduct similar procedures on elderly dogs as a result of a health concern that has arisen in the past.
Spaying or Neutering an Older Dog: The Surgery Process
What happens to the senior dog when he or she is admitted for an elective spay or neutering procedure? Prior to performing any surgeries or administering drugs, a veterinary technician will review the patient’s medical history and take his or her vital signs. Patients over the age of 65 should typically have a blood test performed before to surgery to rule out any underlying issues that might impair the animal’s ability to metabolize anesthetic or adequately clot his blood during the treatment.
- At this time, the veterinarian does a thorough examination of the dog to check that everything looks to be in working order.
- In my clinic, we use a technique termed “balanced anesthesia” to give anesthetic.
- The technique allows us to acquire all of the benefits of these treatments without experiencing any of the adverse effects that may be associated with greater doses.
- After the dog has been fully anesthetized, a foreleg region is shaved to provide room for an IV catheter to be inserted.
- In spite of the fact that we like to insert catheters in all of our surgical patients, they are particularly important in senior patients, who have a somewhat more difficult time regulating their blood pressure while asleep.
- A breathing tube (also known as an endotracheal tube) will be inserted into the dog’s mouth and into his windpipe, allowing him to continue to sleep peacefully.
- When the veterinary team uses a breathing tube, they may fine-tune the plane of anesthetic that is being administered (how deep or how light the patient sleeps).
- For the ladies, the shaved region is between the end of the rib cage and the pelvic bone; for the guys, it is the area from the penis to the scrotum is covered with shaving cream.
- When spaying an older dog, the veterinarian makes a single incision at the dog’s belly button and removes the ovaries and uterus from the dog’s body.
- The majority of veterinarians utilize a dissolving suture, which eliminates the requirement for sutures to be removed post-operatively.
A bigger incision may be required if something odd or unexpected is discovered during surgery (for example, a tumor that was not identified until the time of operation). Skin sutures or staples may also be required if something unusual or unexpected is discovered during surgery.
Spaying or Neutering an Older Dog: Side Effects
Is there anything that occurs to the senior dog when he is admitted for an elective spay or neuter procedure? Prior to performing any surgeries or administering drugs, a veterinary technician will review the patient’s medical history and take his or her vital signs first. Having a blood panel done prior to surgery is usually recommended for older patients in order to rule out any underlying abnormalities that may impair the animal’s capacity to metabolize anesthetic or to adequately clot his blood during the operation.
- As a result of this, the veterinarian carefully inspects the dog to check that everything looks to be in working order.
- A type of anaesthetic known as “balanced anesthesia” is used in my practice.
- Using this strategy, we may acquire all of the benefits of these medications without experiencing any of the adverse effects that may be associated with greater doses.
- A foreleg is shaved to provide an area for an IV catheter after the dog has been properly anesthetized.
- We like to insert catheters in all of our surgical patients, but catheters are particularly important in older patients, who have a somewhat more difficult time keeping their blood pressure stable while asleep.
- A breathing tube (also known as an endotracheal tube) will be inserted into the dog’s mouth and into his windpipe, allowing him to continue sleeping peacefully.
- Anesthesia can be fine-tuned in the operating room by the veterinarians using a breathing tube (how deep or how light the patient sleeps).
- For the ladies, the shaved region is between the end of the rib cage and the pelvic bone; for the guys, it is the area from the penis to the scrotum is covered with shaving cream or gel.
- When older dogs are spayed, the veterinarian makes a single incision at the dog’s belly button and removes the ovaries and uterus.
- A dissolving suture is used by the majority of veterinarians, eliminating the need for sutures to be removed once the procedure has been performed.
A wider incision may be required if something odd or unexpected is discovered during surgery (for example, a tumor that was not identified until the time of operation). Skin sutures or staples may also be required if this occurs.
- The Untold Story of Spay and Neuter Surgery for Puppies
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- Senior Dog Care: What to Expect When Your Dog Gets Older
Neutering Your Male Dog: What You Need To Know
(Image courtesy of Getty Images. ) ) Having a male dog neutered is a straightforward surgical operation that renders him incapable of reproducing and raising offspring. The “big snip,” as some refer to it, has a variety of benefits that go beyond preventing dogs from becoming baby dads. Dogs that have been neutered are less likely to get certain diseases, exhibit undesirable tendencies, or get into fights with other dogs. The procedure is even less complicated than a spay. During the procedure, the veterinarian administers anesthetic to the dog and creates an incision in front of the scrotum, cutting the stalks of the testicles before removing the testicles via the incision.
After approximately two weeks, the incision is completely healed, and the dog may resume his or her usual, healthy lifestyle.
There are several fallacies surrounding both neutering and spaying, and you should take the time to educate yourself on the facts before making a choice regarding the treatment for your pet.
The Benefits Of Neutering Your Dog
The photograph is courtesy of Getty Images. ) Sterilization of a male dog is a straightforward surgical operation that renders him incapable of reproducing. Some people refer to “the big snip” as having a variety of benefits in addition to preventing dogs from becoming puppy fathers. Certain illnesses, unpleasant habits, and problems with other dogs can all be reduced or eliminated with neutering. The procedure is much more straightforward than a spay. During the procedure, the veterinarian administers anesthetic to the dog and creates an incision in front of the scrotum, cutting the stalks of the testicles before removing the testicles via the incision.
It takes around two weeks for the incision to completely heal, after which the dog may resume his or her usual, healthy lifestyle.
What you should know about neutering your male dog is summarized in the following sections.
- He has a lower risk of developing certain ailments, such as testicular cancer and the majority of prostate problems. With less testosterone in his system, he will most likely be calmer, and as a result, you will be calmer as well. Given that he has less reason to proclaim his presence both indoors and out, he will mark less, both inside and outside. Roaming, aggressiveness, humping, and other dominance-related behaviors can be improved, if not completely eliminated, when testosterone levels are decreased. He may still desire to hump, but mounting after neutering has more to do with dominance than it does with reproduction in most cases. He may still be attracted to ladies who are in heat, as well. He’ll probably get into less conflicts with other dogs, particularly with other males
- And If a senior dog has an enlarged prostate, neutering can help to lessen the size of the prostate. It makes no difference if your guy is a little puppy or a famous elderly person
- The health and behavioral benefits apply to him regardless of his age.
When To Neuter Your Dog
The image is courtesy of Getty Images. After the age of eight weeks, a male dog can be neutered at the veterinarian’s office. Until a few years ago, most veterinarians recommended waiting until the child reached puberty, which occurs at around six months of age. Some veterinarians still support this approach. Consult with your veterinarian about the best course of action for your dog. In general, dogs that are neutered before they reach puberty grow a little bit larger than dogs who are neutered after they reach puberty.
Most dogs are sexually mature by the age of five or six months, which might seem like a blink of an eye in comparison to human development time.
Cryptorchidism is the term used to describe this ailment in detail.
As a result, it is extremely necessary for these dogs to be neutered as soon as possible.
These, however, may be controlled by your veterinarian, and the advantages of the operation frequently exceed the dangers in the long run. If you are concerned about any of these hazards, see your veterinarian.
Preparing Your Dog For Surgery
(Image courtesy of Getty Images. ) ) Pre-surgical blood work is normally recommended by your veterinarian to ensure that your dog is healthy enough to undergo surgery and that he does not have any health concerns that would impact the type of anesthetic he receives. The majority of the time, young and healthy dogs are free of problems, but it is a good idea to establish a baseline reference for future blood tests. You should follow the instructions provided by your veterinarian, but in general, your dog should not eat for at least eight hours before surgery since the anaesthetic may cause nausea.
What To Expect Post-Surgery
Neutering surgery is often a basic and uncomplicated procedure. The instructions for post-operative care will be given to you by your veterinarian, and your dog will most likely recover entirely within a couple of weeks. Following your dog’s neutering, you can expect the following behaviors from him:
- Male dogs are typically able to return home the same day they get the treatment. It is possible that the dog will experience nausea and shy away from meals for the first few days after the procedure. Rather than acting like a helicopter parent and forcing your dog to eat, simply remind him that it’s okay for him to go without food for a few days. During the first few days following surgery, the dog’s scrotum will be enlarged and distended. You would not be the first person to question whether or not the veterinarian actually performed the surgery: “Doc, are you sure he was neutered? It appears to be — well, it appears to be exactly the same as it was before surgery. Isn’t it just a case of swelling? “Uh. are you certain, aren’t you?” It is common for this swelling to become worse if the dog licks the incision. If he continues to lick the sutures, place an Elizabethan collar (sometimes known as a “cone of shame”) around his neck. It is probable that your veterinarian will use stitches, and that they will need to be removed within seven to ten days, depending on the type of stitching material used. Your veterinarian will provide you with specific instructions on how to verify that the incision is healing properly and when you should return for this last step. A certain length of time has passed since some contemporary stitches have fallen out on their own. It is unlikely that you would see the flattening of a puppy’s scrotum as he develops after being neutered. Even as adults, a flap of skin will always protrude from the empty scrotum
- A typical reaction is for most dogs to want to play hard the next day, but they must be restrained for a number of days to prevent the incision from opening. There may be some slight bruising around the incision site.
Things To Watch For After Surgery
Dogs who have had the operation performed on them may normally be sent home the same day; however, female dogs cannot. Some dogs experience nausea and may refuse to eat for the first few of days after receiving the treatment. Rather than acting like a helicopter parent and forcing your dog to eat, simply remind him that it’s okay for him to go without food for a couple of days. The dog’s scrotum will be enlarged for the first several days following surgery. You wouldn’t be the first person to question whether or not the veterinarian actually performed the surgery: “Doc, are you certain he was neutered?” After surgery, it seems to be exactly the same as it did before.
To prevent him from continuing to pick at his sutures, tie him up with an Elizabethan collar (also known as “cone of shame”).
Your veterinarian will provide you with specific instructions on how to verify that the incision is healing properly and when you should return to the clinic for the final check.
In adults, a flap of skin will always protrude from the empty scrotum; this is normal.
There may be some little bruising around the incision site.